• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Identification of Traditional Tools & Solutions of Knowledge Management in Low-Tech Enterprises
        Saeed hosein Rafuati
        Management experts have considered knowledge management, in the course of the past several years, as a managerial solution and have recommended, to the managers, the application of its tools for increasing the enterprise efficiency. This point should be also mentioned Full Text
        Management experts have considered knowledge management, in the course of the past several years, as a managerial solution and have recommended, to the managers, the application of its tools for increasing the enterprise efficiency. This point should be also mentioned that prior to the current development of knowledge management literature, knowledge management existed in enterprises in traditional ways. Definitely the effective development of new knowledge management tools in these enterprises must be firstly based on the same traditional tools, in order to improve them, and secondly these tools must conform to the enterprises' structure- and also the elements of this structure. One of the most crucial elements of this structure is technology level; however, it is needless to mention that knowledge management tools for low-tech enterprises are different from those for high-tech enterprises. Throughout the article, based on a statistical research carried out in small and medium enterprises in the area of metal industry- with low technology level- traditional knowledge management tools in-use are determined and defined. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The necessity of innovation in administrating knowledge management and IT management in Iran
        Mohammadreza Abbasi Manoochehr Makki
        At present the necessity of paying attention to knowledge management and IT management has been a challenging issue for the managers of organizations. This matter seems incomplete without paying attention to the applicability of the mentioned concepts. Hence, in this ar Full Text
        At present the necessity of paying attention to knowledge management and IT management has been a challenging issue for the managers of organizations. This matter seems incomplete without paying attention to the applicability of the mentioned concepts. Hence, in this article, the basic assumptions of knowledge management and its relation to information technology are investigated from both theoretical and practical perspectives. The formation, definitions, literature, processes, and all the issues related to the knowledge management will be presented. In addition, it is mentioned that in spite of the close relationship between information technology and knowledge management, it is not possible to substitute technology for human knowledge. Finally, having reviewed some principles and obstacles to knowledge management, the researchers propose innovative ways in order to carry out knowledge management programs via information technology in Iran. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Knowledge Management Establishment In Tehran Municipality And Presenting Application Model
        Ali Rabiei Zeynab Khajavi
        Knowledge management is a critical success factor in today's enterprises. The efficacy of a knowledge management (KM) project depends heavily on a successful coordination of issues such as corporate culture, organizational processes, human resource management and inform Full Text
        Knowledge management is a critical success factor in today's enterprises. The efficacy of a knowledge management (KM) project depends heavily on a successful coordination of issues such as corporate culture, organizational processes, human resource management and information technology. This research has been conducted with an applied purpose and a descriptive method. Reviewing the status of indicators, structure, culture, technology, human resources, knowledge process and leadership in Tehran municipality for the establishment of knowledge management have been obtained from questionnaires through analyzing data. Then based on the highest mean encountering test(Friedman test) priorities have been classified. The statistics in this research include senior managers, middle managers, supervisors and experts of Tehran municipality which makes 1057 people all together. Among them, 285 were studied as samples. The analysis proved the appropriateness of establishing Knowledge Management in the organization. Human resources indicators, structure, knowledge processes, technology and culture are the next priorities. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Development of Commercialization of the Scientific Achievements through Pilot Plant Research
        Reza Mahdi
        Based on national innovation system, commercialization of the research achievements is of great importance and possesses a special stance in the scientific, technological, economic and social systems. Despite the importance and value of commercialization of the resear Full Text
        Based on national innovation system, commercialization of the research achievements is of great importance and possesses a special stance in the scientific, technological, economic and social systems. Despite the importance and value of commercialization of the research results, there are always many issues and problems that prevent fulfillment of commercialization goals on the commercialization process. One of the main barriers of commercialization is inefficiency of methods and lack of applying scientific-experimental methodology. This paper, using hybrid methodology of documental review and survey research, with regard to concepts and models of the commercialization of research achievements, proposes pilot plan research as an essential solution for a technical-economical feasibility study, risk management and linkage of the research achievements to industrial production, and also develops its process. Based on the suggested solution, once the scientific research result in a systematic form is attained, pilot plan research with a specific road map and business plan is achieved so that the final production with more confidence, less amount of risk and expenses is prepared for mass production. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - A Survey of Intellectual Property Rights on Foreign Direct Investment in D8- Countries
        Mohammad Hasan Fotros Abolfazl Najarzadeh Abadi
        Intellectual property rights have a prominent role in long-term economic growth of the countries. In recent years International institutions such as WTO (World Trade Organization) and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) have suggested to their member countr Full Text
        Intellectual property rights have a prominent role in long-term economic growth of the countries. In recent years International institutions such as WTO (World Trade Organization) and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) have suggested to their member countries the provision and the fortification of these rights. The existing gap between developed and developing countries in the field of property rights systems is also a distinguishing factor that affects the level of foreign direct investment and the flow of private international capitals. The present article by an index analysis of the data within the period of 1985-2005 of D8 countries investigates and compares the role of intellectual property rights on the foreign direct investment in these countries. The main question is that whether the protection of intellectual rights has a positive effect on foreign direct investment in the D8 group countries or not. The results of this survey indicate that the relationship between intellectual property rights and foreign direct investment varies according to the infrastructural capacities and the level of development of these countries. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - An Approach to Engage Knowledge-Team in Creative Problem-Solving by a Senior Knowledge Manager
        Behrooz Arbab Shirani Mohsen Fathollah Bayati
        Organizations always pay meticulous attention to solve their wide ranged problems which include all small to large scopes. The way of solving these problems for the purpose of continuation of fruitful attempts with the help of knowledge workers of organization is of gre Full Text
        Organizations always pay meticulous attention to solve their wide ranged problems which include all small to large scopes. The way of solving these problems for the purpose of continuation of fruitful attempts with the help of knowledge workers of organization is of great importance. The essence of some of them sometimes affects and threatens the existence of the organizations. Solving some of the problems is not possible just by using present methods. Hence, utilizing creative methods and creativity in organizations is considerably important. So it seems necessary for managers to come up with schemes to accompany employees to a problem solving procedure that needs particular level of human knowledge. The role of CKO is vital, crucially important and effective; the same goes for knowledge team engagement. In the full paper the role of a senior knowledge manager, which is defined as engaging knowledge team and utilizing them efficiently in creativity process, is investigated based on previous executive experiments and researches. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Basic Tactics in Achieving Information Systems' Strategic Planning
        Davood Vahdat Majid Navazani
        Information system’s strategic planning has some challenging problems. Despite the presence of various frameworks, the above-mentioned program is known as a complicated action and some problems lead to a barrier for the program’s success and also cause some problems to Full Text
        Information system’s strategic planning has some challenging problems. Despite the presence of various frameworks, the above-mentioned program is known as a complicated action and some problems lead to a barrier for the program’s success and also cause some problems to planners. Several researchers have been accomplished in this regard which presented as field studies, case studies and pure studies. This paper aims at classifying and organizing these problems in line with understanding and distinguishing these problems correctly and executing information system’s strategic planning successfully. Then it presents some approaches to execute it in shape of a meaningful model. These approaches help organizations to prepare themselves before facing the problems of this kind, and understand/determine various aspects of planning process for information systems' strategic planning. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        8 - An Analysis on the Relation between Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Commitment
        Shams Asadat Zahedi hasan boudlaie Reza Satari Nasab Alireza Koshki Jahromi
        This article reveals the relationship between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment of the employees of Mellat Bank in Tehran. Although the meaning of empowerment has been the subject of great debate, its original meaning has been referred to as autho Full Text
        This article reveals the relationship between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment of the employees of Mellat Bank in Tehran. Although the meaning of empowerment has been the subject of great debate, its original meaning has been referred to as authorizing and to giving power to two employees. The psychological empowerment emphasizes employees' perceptions and cognitions. In full-paper the basic method of enquiry was through questionnaires. The article concludes with some suggestion aimed at raising employees' empowerment and commitment in Mellat Bank in Tehran. Manuscript Document