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    Roshd -e- Fanavari ( Scientific Extension )
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  • About the journal

    About the Journal

    Introduction:
    Technology Development (Roshd-e-Fanavari) is a journal of science and technology parks & incubators which is published by Rooyesh IT incubator (RITI), affiliated to Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR).
    The aim of the Journal of Technology Development (JTD) is to foster the growth of research activities among the experts of science and technology parks and incubators, It also provides a medium for mutual communication between the government, academia and the industry on the one hand, and the world science and technology community on the other.
    The principal language of the journal is Persian and English.
    The Journal welcomes original research contributions (previously unpublished), lessons learned and the case studies that cover various aspects of Innovation, networking, incubators management, Incubators operational models, Technology commercialization, Entrepreneurship, Science & Technology Parks, Research & Development, Business models, Marketing, Benchmarking of incubators and STPs, SMEs and Venture Capitals. The journal also includes technical virtual/real discussion panels and round tables in field of science and technology parks and incubators.
    Roshd-e-Fanavari is a member of COPE and endorses its guidelines, which are available at http://www.publicationethics.org

    Journal Target Community:
    The main target audiences of our journal are as follows:
    - Science and Technology Parks (STPs) and Incubators;
    - Universities;
    - Research institutes & Academic centers;
    - Executive policy makers in the field of technology.

    Aims and Scopes:
    The aims and scopes of this journal are as follows:
    1. Reflecting the best practices and view points of experts in the field of technology.
    2. Providing information at national/international levels for science and technology parks and incubators.
    3. Providing an environment for exchanging ideas and consultation expertise in the fields of science and technology.
    4. Disseminating Experiences gathered from the results of technology commercialization.
    5. Promoting innovation and entrepreneurship amongst STP related organizations and SMEs.

    Ethical authorship and publication.

     Principles of Ethical Publishing in the quarterly Journal of roshdefanavari:

    1. That the corresponding author has the approval of all other listed authors for the submission and publication of all versions of the manuscript.
    2. That all people who have a right to be recognized as authors have been included on the list of authors and everyone listed as an author has made an independent material contribution to the manuscript.
    3. That the work submitted in the manuscript is original and has not been published elsewhere and is not presently under consideration of publication by any other journal. The oral or poster presentation of parts of the work and its publishing as a single page abstract does not count as prior publication for this purpose.
    4. That the material in the manuscript has been acquired according to modern ethical standards and does not contain material copied from anyone else without their written permission.
    5. That all material which derives from prior work, including from the same authors, is properly attributed to the prior publication by proper citation.
    6. That the manuscript will be maintained on the servers of the Journal and held to be a valid publication by the Journal only as long as all statements in these principles remain true.
    7. That if any of the statements above ceases to be true the authors have a duty to notify the journal as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be withdrawn.

     

    plagiarism policy

    Scientific Misconduct and Unethical Practices

    The Roshdefanavari Journal accepts the definitions of plagiarism, fabrication and falsification, Scientific misconduct and unethical acts proposed in the:

    • ACECR (Academic Center of Education and culture of Research),
    • Ministry of science, Research and Technology,
    • of Culture and Islamic Guidance,

     The list below includes, but is not limited to, the following prohibited acts:

    1. Plagiarism, which includes the theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work. It does not include authorship or credit disputes. The theft or misappropriation of intellectual property includes the unauthorized use of ideas or unique methods obtained via a privileged communication, such as a grant or manuscript review. Substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work is defined as the unattributed verbatim or nearly verbatim copying of sentences and paragraphs which materially misleads the ordinary reader regarding the contributions of the author. It does not include the limited use of identical or nearly identical phrases which describe a commonly used methodology or previous research. The author must show the editor written permission to quote any information learned personally from another investigator or by reviewing applications for research grants. In the introduction, and especially in the discussion of a paper, the author should cite fairly the work of others that is relevant either to the origin or to the outcome of the research described, including references to original findings and seminal works.
    1. Fabrication, which includes making up results and recording or reporting them, in whole or in part.
    1. Falsification is manipulating research, materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. It includes the suppressing or altering of data not in agreement with one's hypothesis.
    1. Redundant or duplicate publication, which includes the submission of a paper, or portion thereof, that overlaps with one already submitted or published. An author may not submit reports of the same or substantially overlapping research to more than one journal at the same time, unless the author can justify it in letters to both editors.
    1. Submission of animal or clinical research conducted without the approval of the institutional animal care and use committee or review board.
    1. Honorary authorship is not permitted in The Roshdefanavari Journal. Honorary authorship is the inclusion of authors who have not met The Roshdefanavari Journal’s definition of authors as described above. An author's signature on the copyright release form submitted with the manuscript and included in the byline of the manuscript indicates that the author agrees to share responsibility and accountability for the results. Alleged misconduct against an author on a manuscript will automatically entail investigation of all co-authors.
    • Open Access

      This is an Open Access Journal. In other words, access to all published papers in this Journal is free from the date of publication and there is no charge for downloading papers. Researchers are allowed to read, download, distribute, print, search or get access to the full text of papers without a prior permission of the publisher or authors as long as the author of the original work is cited. Authors grant publisher a permission to publish the paper and identify itself as the original publisher.


    Recent Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Analysis of Factors Affecting the Success of Startups using Meta_Synthesis
      maryam darvishi Parvaneh Alasvand Bakhtiarpour
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      start-up is a new business that offers an innovative solution to a problem; start-ups are an integral part of the transformation and evolution process in the expanding world market today. While there is no guarantee of success for this business through the proposed solu More
      start-up is a new business that offers an innovative solution to a problem; start-ups are an integral part of the transformation and evolution process in the expanding world market today. While there is no guarantee of success for this business through the proposed solution. Many consider startups as a new culture for new ideas and creativity beyond existing ideas aimed at solving existing problems in key areas. The purpose of this research is to provide a comprehensive, pervasive, and integrated information model of the success factors of startups. To this end, by employing meta_synthesis approach in this research, the results and findings of previous researchers were analyzed, and by examining comprehensive studies on the success factors of startups in reputable domestic and foreign scientific bases, 52 articles on this subject were identified. The research results classified the success factors of startups into 6 main themes and 17 components. The main themes include: Strategy and Policy (business model management, goals and plans, vision and strategies), Innovation and Entrepreneurship (innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem, dynamic entrepreneurial capacity, innovation and entrepreneurship culture), Service and Product Management (marketing and sales, customer satisfaction, quality and quantity of products, production methods), Resources (financial resources, human resources), Technology and Knowledge (knowledge management, technological infrastructure), and Technological Infrastructure (the role of government and relevant institutions, the role of financial institutions and investment, international environment), each of which is further elaborated with identified components. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Identifying and prioritizing the drivers of entrepreneurship Devalopment in the Sports Industry using the OPA technique
      Ali Alvandi maryam rahmaty sayyad emad hosseini
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      Sports entrepreneurship is one of the types of entrepreneurship that has many direct and indirect economic effects on society. Over the past few years, the world of sports has witnessed changes in sports economic policies, which has highlighted the need for the sports i More
      Sports entrepreneurship is one of the types of entrepreneurship that has many direct and indirect economic effects on society. Over the past few years, the world of sports has witnessed changes in sports economic policies, which has highlighted the need for the sports industry to reduce its dependence on government budgets. In this regard, the present study was conducted with the aim of Identifying and prioritizing the drivers of sports entrepreneurship development of sports entrepreneurship in professional clubs of the Premier Football League. This study is a mixed exploratory research that has been presented in the qualitative section using the Theme analysis technique and based on semi-structured interviews with 20 experts; in the quantitative part, then in the quantitative part, in order to prioritize the components of sports entrepreneurship, OPA technique and Lingo software were used. Accordingly, "advertising through the media, online sales, private stadiums, construction of sports complexes, talent development and grassroots teams, construction of non-sports complexes, fans, deputize, making a football documentary; and veterans" were ranked one to ten, respectively. Findings of this study can help the managers of Iranian Premier League clubs to solve the economic problems of the clubs by providing the ground for entrepreneurship development among the clubs of the Premier Football League, in addition to providing various solutions for creating entrepreneurship. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - On the use of Intelligent Information Retrieval in Patent Prior-Art Search
      Habibollah Asghari Azadeh Shakery
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      Patents play an important role in Intellectual Property protection. So, in recent years a considerable attention has been paid to patent and prior-art search. In process of patent application filing, searching in the previous patent database is of great importance. Pat More
      Patents play an important role in Intellectual Property protection. So, in recent years a considerable attention has been paid to patent and prior-art search. In process of patent application filing, searching in the previous patent database is of great importance. Patent examiners search in a huge database of patents to find if there exists any similarity between applicant’s claim and the previous registered patents. This process that called patent invalidity run, is one of the important stages of patent registration. Because of legal aspects of this process, the searcher should not leave any relevant patent document. So patent searching is essentially a recall-oriented issue in information retrieval applications. In recent years, the use of intelligent information retrieval in this search process has been investigated by many researchers. In this paper we investigate various methods of information retrieval that have been proven to be effective in retrieving relevant results. The survey also has focused on query formulation and how to transform a query patent into a search query. So we have explored different factors of a successful transformation, such as how many query words should be used, where to extract query words, how to weight them and whether to use noun-phrases instead of individual words. Furthermore, the survey covers researches that combine different features and has been proven to make a significant improvement in retrieval performance. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Position Of Intellectual Property Rights In The Support And Development Of Nanotechnology
      Ehsan Kalantari Maybodi
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      Intellectual property is a right that gives its owner the exclusive benefit of human activity, thought and initiative, which itself is divided into various branches such as literary and artistic property rights and industrial property. Compared to other goods and produc More
      Intellectual property is a right that gives its owner the exclusive benefit of human activity, thought and initiative, which itself is divided into various branches such as literary and artistic property rights and industrial property. Compared to other goods and products, the product of human intelligence has four characteristics: 1- First, it is a direct result of the work of human thought; 2- Second, this product falls into the information category; 3- Third, this smart product is not wasted by consumption; 4- The fourth is that it is easily supplied and can be reproduced. These features make the owner of such a product can not control its use and is easily lost. In fact, the economic value of an intellectual creation is due to its rarity and scarcity that if a number of people do not support and achieve it and exploit and use it, the mentioned value will be lost or at least reduced. In the legal system of Iran, several laws have been passed regarding the protection of intellectual property, which are very incomplete and rudimentary in comparison with international laws and need to be amended and supplemented. Nanotechnology has created new legal issues in the field of rights and intellectual property. Some of these issues may be resolved by existing laws or by controlling and modifying the nanosphere, but we may need to enact new laws to control the nanosphere. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Investigating the success factors of digital startup accelerators in the post-Corona era
      mahdi hosseinpour fatemeh kazemi eskeri Meysam Alikhani
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      The purpose of this study is to investigate the success factors of digital startup accelerators in the post-Corona era. In terms of purpose, this research is in the field of applied research, and since it describes the variables and the relationships between them, recog More
      The purpose of this study is to investigate the success factors of digital startup accelerators in the post-Corona era. In terms of purpose, this research is in the field of applied research, and since it describes the variables and the relationships between them, recognizes the current situation and finally provides a model, it is descriptive-survey method. The statistical population of this study includes experts related to digital accelerator startup accelerators in the post-corona era. In order to achieve apparent theoretical saturation, 25 people were selected as a sample by interview method and the required information was collected. To analyze the qualitative data and extract the factors affecting the success of startup accelerators in the digital field and the factors affecting it, the content analysis method (theme analysis) was used. Structural-interpretive modeling has been used to identify the relationships between variables. The research findings include describing the success pattern of digital startup accelerators and analyzing the results of correlation penetration. Examining the results obtained from the nineteen main factors of identified agility, it was found that the flexibility of organizational structure and data analysis have the greatest influence and the ability to respond to environmental issues and the ability to change business goals, have the greatest dependence Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Influence of competition intensity on the performance components of the organization in the metal industry
      Javad Naseri Mostafa  Mobalighi
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of competition intensity on the performance components of the organization (investment and financial dimension, customer, internal process and learning) in the metal industry. The research method is descriptive-sur More
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of competition intensity on the performance components of the organization (investment and financial dimension, customer, internal process and learning) in the metal industry. The research method is descriptive-survey and is applied in terms of purpose. From 230 senior managers in the field of metal industry in East Azerbaijan province, using Cochran's formula, a sample of 144 people was randomly taken from this community. The research tool was a questionnaire and in order to check the validity and reliability of the questionnaire, in content validity by asking experts and in assessing the validity of the structure, factor analysis of research variables was used. Cronback alpha for all questionnaire questions was 0.902, which confirms the high reliability of the questionnaire. Kolmogorovw-Smirnov test was used to distribute the data and the results showed that all factors in the sample followed the normal distribution. To analyze the hypotheses, regression test was used and SPSS software was used to analyze and process the research data. According to the research findings, the intensity of competition affects the financial dimension, customer dimension, internal processes dimension and the organization's learning processes dimension. The results of regression tables showed that the intensity of competition has the greatest impact on the customer dimension of the organization. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Modeling Cloud Accounting Risk Reduction Strategies with a Structural-Interpretive Approach
      sakineh tajari Ali Khozein majid ashrafi Jamadverdi   Gorganli Davaji
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      Cloud accounting not only introduces specific risks to the accounting process, but also some of the known risks associated with other cloud-based applications. Considering the great importance of risk reduction strategies in accepting cloud accounting, the aim of this s More
      Cloud accounting not only introduces specific risks to the accounting process, but also some of the known risks associated with other cloud-based applications. Considering the great importance of risk reduction strategies in accepting cloud accounting, the aim of this study is to investigate the strategies for reducing cloud accounting risks in Iran using structural-interpretive modeling. the research methodology is a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods that are used to collect the components of strategies for reducing cloud accounting risks from a qualitative method by examining theoretical foundations and performing fuzzy Delphi analysis with the participation of 16 accounting faculty members as experts. In a small part, through the formation of its own structural interaction matrix, it seeks structural-interpretive modeling, which has been done in this part with the participation of 12 faculty members in the field of accounting. the results show that the most basic strategies to reduce cloud accounting risks are based on the prioritization of the acceptance plan. Also at the highest level and least effective strategies to reduce the risks of cloud accounting is to provide timely and adequate training for employees. the most important strategy is to reduce the risks of cloud accounting and should be considered more than other strategies. research findings can fill the research gap in the field of cloud accounting and be useful for managers in decision making. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Evaluation of Risk Indicators Affecting Consumer TV Shopping Behavior
      Bagher Asgarnezhad Nouri Ebrahim Ebrahimzadeh Allahyar Beigi Firoozi
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      TV shopping is a form of non-store business that, despite its remarkable growth and optimistic outlook, has more of its negative aspects. Consumers worry about buying a product from "anonymous" sellers without physically testing the products. Therefore, it is assumed th More
      TV shopping is a form of non-store business that, despite its remarkable growth and optimistic outlook, has more of its negative aspects. Consumers worry about buying a product from "anonymous" sellers without physically testing the products. Therefore, it is assumed that people may feel a certain degree of risk when buying a product online. Accordingly, the current study aims to assess the risk indicators affecting the behavior of television purchases in Iran. To have this type of purchase, was selected. In this study, a standard questionnaire was used online and the data were analyzed using SPSS software and structural equation modeling method in Smart Pls software. According to the research literature, 6 types of risks that could affect consumers' TV buying behavior were identified, and based on the results, it was determined that financial, operational and time risks affect shopping behavior. Based on the results, it can be said that the perception of risk in TV shopping affects consumer buying behavior and high level of this risk (s) can prevent the purchase of goods through this channel, so TV marketers need to be diligent in identifying, reducing and minimizing the risks perceived by the consumer by building trust and confidence. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Provide a Pattern Sustainable Tourism Development with Emphasis on Technology Commercialization in Iran
      shirin amirhosseini سید محمدرضا حسینی Roohalla samiee
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      In today's era, many development planners and policymakers refer to tourism as the main pillar of economic development and believe that the basic method of tourism development is to achieve sustainable development, and the develop ent of sustainable tourism increases ta More
      In today's era, many development planners and policymakers refer to tourism as the main pillar of economic development and believe that the basic method of tourism development is to achieve sustainable development, and the develop ent of sustainable tourism increases tax revenues, exports and economic growth of countries. The aim of the this research was to present a model of sustainable tourism development with an emphasis on technology commercialization in Iran, which was done in a combined manner and is practical in terms of purpose and based on the descriptive-correlation method. Factors affecting the development of tourism were identified with an emphasis on technology commercialization based on in-depth interviews with 11 academic and organizational experts. The output of this stage was 35 components in the form of 4 dimensions: technology, economic, market awareness, laws and guidelines, That were leveled with interpretive structural modeling method and clustered with Mic Mac analysis, which was analyzed using Excel software. The results showed that the economic dimensions, market knowledge, rules and guidelines are in the first level, and the technological dimension is in the second level. The economic dimension is in the dependent cluster, the dimensions of market knowledge, rules and guidelines are in the linked cluster and the technology dimension is in the independent cluster. Based on the results of the research, it is suggested that information and communication technology tools should be seen in all official and unofficial tourism. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Investigating the effect of strategic intelligence on entrepreneurial behavior and organizational development in the university
      nima ranji ali pourfalah
      Issue 77 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2024
      Entrepreneurial behavior and organizational development can provide the necessary capacity to respond effectively to environmental requirements and enable the university to be effective through purposeful development of capabilities and competencies of university mana More
      Entrepreneurial behavior and organizational development can provide the necessary capacity to respond effectively to environmental requirements and enable the university to be effective through purposeful development of capabilities and competencies of university managers, technology development to achieve continuous technological innovation. In this study, the effect of strategic intelligence on entrepreneurial behavior and organizational development of the university has been investigated. This research is based on the type of applied goal. A questionnaire was used to collect information. The statistical population of this study was university administrators in Guilan province and a sample size of 204 people was obtained through Cochran's formula. The results show that out of 10 hypotheses presented in the research, 6 hypotheses were confirmed. Strategic intelligence and organizational development have a significant effect on the organizational development of Islamic Azad universities in Gilan province. Gender, age, educational experiences and educational levels moderate the relationship between strategic intelligence and organizational development of Islamic Azad universities in Gilan province. But gender, age, educational experiences and educational levels do not moderate the relationship between strategic intelligence and entrepreneurial behavior of Islamic Azad universities in Gilan province. Manuscript profile
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Knowledge Management,Culture, and Higher Education
      Mohammadali  Neumati
      Issue 7 , Vol. 2 , Summer 2006
      This article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and More
      This article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and historical insight into the major challenge in knowledge management involves organizational culture of knowledge sharing.The second part, the main body of the article, devoted to explored the importance of creation, development management of this strategic and its implication at universities and higher education institutions. In the final part, the role of information technology, human resource, and methodes in the process of knowledge management will be discussed. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Marketing activities in Small and Medium technology enterprises
      Issue 43 , Vol. 11 , Summer 2015
      Small and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and th More
      Small and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and the need for high initial investment, this kind of firms are faced with more difficulties. Lack of knowledge and marketing skills is one of the main reasons for the failure of these companies. It is obvious that marketing is the most important key element for success of technology-based small and medium enterprises and it should be a priority in their activities. The aim of this study is to identify marketing challenges in small and medium-sized technology based companies based on previous studies and experiences in Iranian Science and Technology Parks and Technology Incubators. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - The Study of the Affecting Factors of Knowledge Based Firms’ Growth and Success
      Mahdieh  Tari Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary
      Issue 45 , Vol. 12 , Winter 2016
      Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors More
      Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors causes this firms growth and success. The main purpose of this study is identifying the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success by use of qualitative study. In terms of purpose, this study is practical and the analytical methodology was used. For this purpose semi-structured interview by using thematic analyzing is conducted. Experts whom interviewed are 20 executive managers of top and successful knowledge based firms located in Isfahan Science and Technology Town (ISTT) (Sheikh Bahai) in the last three years. The review of literature, and the results of interviews showed 3main themes that classify the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success to 3 levels: individual, organizational and environmental. Based on the results, it seems that government and environmental conditions play a more important role in providing appropriate context for knowledge based firms’ growth and success. According to the interviews, view government and environmental conditions has main role in success and durability of knowledge based firms and spin-offs. Finally, based on the results, referring to existing shortcomings in the field of this firm’s activity and the main emphases of the experts, the necessary considerations for effective factors reinforcement has provided. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Technology Growth, Learning Change
      hamed abbasi kasani gholamreza shams mourkani
      Issue 54 , Vol. 14 , Spring 2018
      The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT More
      The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT in teaching and learning methods. ICT has a very important role in teaching and learning method. In fact, the role of ICT in evolving teaching and learning method is considerable. This paper aimed to investigate the ICT impact on the learning method changes. This study is a kind of review one. The library method and the deep study of available literature in related domestic and international essays and books in ICT field, Different learning method, the effect of ICT on learning, mobile learning, distance learning, correspondence learning, electronic learning, mobile learning, and blended learning are used to gather information. Research shows that the ICT progresses cause people move toward distance, lifelong, personalized and network learning apart from time and place. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - A Review of Knowledge-Based Economy: from the Formation to the Action; Case study: knowledge-based Economy in Iran
      Abdollah Elm Khah Mahdi Sadeghi Shahdani
      Issue 44 , Vol. 11 , Autumn 2015
      Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. More
      Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. Knowledge-based economy formed based on the production, distribution and application of knowledge and information. Therefore, investing in knowledge and knowledge-based industries got particular attentions. This paper reviews the literatures of knowledge-based economy due to its importance, and the emphasis of The Supreme Leader on special attentions of policy makers to implementation of it based on upstream documents. This article is provided according to the analytical and descriptive method based on available documents. The knowledge-based economy is addressed in the course of economic ideas, theories of knowledge-based economy, definitions, characteristics, advantages, elements, measuring indicators, policies of the knowledge-based economy in Iran, situation of Knowledge-based economy in Iran based on World Bank Index. At the end conclusion is presented. The results show that the fulfilling of the knowledge-based economy requires trained and skilled workforce, supportive government policies, making reform in society culture, efficient innovation system, indigenous knowledge, ICT, institutional and government stimulus, supporting intellectual property rights and so on. Although the World Bank 2005 report shows that there was a very significant imbalance between the indicators. By government efforts, the imbalance was declined slightly in 2007 and according to the latest World Bank report in 2012, Iran with an average 3/91 has gained the rank of 94 between 146 countries in terms of the knowledge-based economy. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Identify Indicators for Evaluating the Performance of Corporate Entrepreneurship
      Saeed Safari Reza Abbasi Mozhgan Soltani Aliabad
      Issue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016
      Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of orga More
      Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of organizations to the phenomenon of entrepreneurship has been led to the creation of a certain territory of this concept that is called organizational entrepreneurship. As far as organizational entrepreneurship are transformed to one of the strategic approaches in organizations, to achieve high performance and great success. Choose this approach is effective for organizations when we can evaluate the results and provide organizational goals with proper management. So, having appropriate indicators to be used for the assessment of organizational entrepreneurship is very important. Therefore, this study seeks to identify appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance organizational entrepreneurship. For this purpose, after reviewing research literature, were extracted performance evaluation indicators, and with the help of the framework of EFQM Excellence Model, were classified in 9 categories. After refining the extracted indicators and removal of repetitive indicators, the 63 index that had remained, to determining the most important indicators, was placed in the hands of experts in the format of a questionnaire and Finally, by analyzing data obtained, were identified appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance. Results of present study, presented 29 indicators in nine criteria of: Leadership, Strategy, Employee, Partnerships and Resources, Processes, Products and Services, Customer Results, Employee Results, Society Results and Key Results; as the appropriate indicators to evaluating the performance of organizational entrepreneurship. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - The Effect of Innovation Ambidexterity on Export Knowledge and Performance of new Products in Export Markets
      Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary Milad Hoshmand Chayjani Mohsen Akbari
      Issue 42 , Vol. 11 , Spring 2015
      Export is one of the most important economic activities in the success of firms that has attracted attention of researchers and strategists. This attention is because of the convenience in using this strategy in entering in other international markets and due to benefit More
      Export is one of the most important economic activities in the success of firms that has attracted attention of researchers and strategists. This attention is because of the convenience in using this strategy in entering in other international markets and due to benefits of export in development firms. This has motivated firms to acquire export knowledge and train it in their companies in order to guarantee their successful performance in expert. Ambidexterity is an approach that can be effective in terms of creating export knowledge. Ambidexterity, (with two dimensions of exploitation and exploration) in export companies, helps organizations to use export knowledge more effectively and efficiently, in other words ambidexterity can help export companies acquire learning capabilities as a learning organization. As a result, this learning capability can lead to more proper new products in competition. This paper investigates the effect of innovation ambidexterity on export knowledge and new product performance. In literature section we reviewed export and competition in international markets, innovation, export knowledge and competition power, ambidexterity and its dimensions and new product development. After reviewing the literature, we created a model based on the literature and experts views. Experts verified our model and the proposed hypotheses after some discussions. Our proposed model shows that ambidexterity and its dimensions has a positive effect on export knowledge and an effect on export performance while export knowledge has a positive effect on export knowledge. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Developing a Conceptual Model of Strategic Agility in Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs)
      Reza Bandarian
      Issue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016
      Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid tec More
      Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid technological changes. RTOs by development of proactive features on their interior can achieve to a special ability called "strategic agility". Strategic agility is the ability to reform, renovate and renewal the organization, business model and strategies to cope with environmental changes. In this paper, in order to develop a comprehensive framework to achieve strategic agility in RTOs, first, all of the previous research in the field of strategic agility in the last few years have been reviewed and then adapt and adjust to the nature, characteristics and requirements of RTOs, finally the seven dimensions (key factors) and thirty one index for strategic agility in RTOs extracted and has been defined. The seven key factors are strategic sensitivity, clear vision, selecting strategic technological knowledge goals, identifying key capabilities, seizing and exploitation, continuous technological innovation and being proactive. This model is based on the combination of both internal and external organizational approach, and provides the basis for the assessment of strategic agility in RTOs. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Explaining Organizational Ambidexterity As a New Concept in the Management of Knowledge Based Organizations
      Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary Yaughob Mambini
      Issue 40 , Vol. 10 , Autumn 2015
      Organizational ambidexterity as a new managerial construct has been proposed in recent years. This concept is entering into the field of technology, innovation, entrepreneurship, organizational behavior, organizational design and strategy. Ambidexterity is viewed as a t More
      Organizational ambidexterity as a new managerial construct has been proposed in recent years. This concept is entering into the field of technology, innovation, entrepreneurship, organizational behavior, organizational design and strategy. Ambidexterity is viewed as a tool to gain sustainable competitive advantage, business performance and firm survival. It can be achieved through organizations’ endeavor to exploit and explore available opportunities. Many companies have comprised the view that to function effectively in today’s economy, it is indispensable to become a knowledge-based organization. The Knowledge Based Organizations created in order to synergistically exploit science and wealth, develop knowledge based economy and strongly depend on innovation as a source of the competitive advantage. In this article, by systematically reviewing related literature, we have tried to illuminate the notion of ambidexterity. Structures and forms of organization ambidexterity in knowledge based organizations were revised and its role to improve the performance of knowledge based organizations has been clarified. Paper suggested that knowledge based organization through ambidexterity in management, structure and process could guarantee its survival in today’s dynamic environment. In the paper, organizational ambidexterity definition in explained. Furthermore, the necessary that knowledge based organization must pass on toward ambidexterity in explained. The sequential ambidexterity, structural ambidexterity and contextual ambidexterity as foremost typologies for ambidexterity is discussed. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Suitable Organizational Structure for Knowledge-Based Companies
      Najaf Allahyari fard Rasoul Abbasi
      Issue 29 , Vol. 8 , Winter 2012
      Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & insti More
      Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & institutions are private or cooperative companies that cause synergy of science and wealth, development of knowledge-based economy, achievement of scientific and economic goals (including development and application of invention and innovation) and commercialization of research and development (including design and production of goods and services) in the high technology and high value-added production, particularly in the form of software. Knowledge-based companies can be divided into two categories: micro and macro. K-based companies have made some important features such as job creation, positive competitiveness, generation and development. Those companies are commensurate with their growing economies. Organizational structures of companies in many different companies and organizations are playing an efficient role. The types of organizations and companies determine organizational structure. In this study we reviewe organizational structures, including functional, productional, regional, Matrix, connectional, horizontal, network, associational, star, clover and Virtual. We propose a suitable pattern “network-Virtual-horizontal” for organizational structure of K-based companies. This organizational structure increases productivity in knowledge-based companies. Manuscript profile
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