About the Journal
Technology Development (Roshd-e-Fanavari) is a journal of science and technology parks & incubators which is published by Rooyesh IT incubator (RITI), affiliated to Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR).
The aim of the Journal of Technology Development (JTD) is to foster the growth of research activities among the experts of science and technology parks and incubators, It also provides a medium for mutual communication between the government, academia and the industry on the one hand, and the world science and technology community on the other.
The principal language of the journal is Persian and English.
The Journal welcomes original research contributions (previously unpublished), lessons learned and the case studies that cover various aspects of Innovation, networking, incubators management, Incubators operational models, Technology commercialization, Entrepreneurship, Science & Technology Parks, Research & Development, Business models, Marketing, Benchmarking of incubators and STPs, SMEs and Venture Capitals. The journal also includes technical virtual/real discussion panels and round tables in field of science and technology parks and incubators.
Roshd-e-Fanavari is a member of COPE and endorses its guidelines, which are available at http://www.publicationethics.org
Journal Target Community:
The main target audiences of our journal are as follows:
- Science and Technology Parks (STPs) and Incubators;
- Research institutes & Academic centers;
- Executive policy makers in the field of technology.
The aims and scopes of this journal are as follows:
1. Reflecting the best practices and view points of experts in the field of technology.
2. Providing information at national/international levels for science and technology parks and incubators.
3. Providing an environment for exchanging ideas and consultation expertise in the fields of science and technology.
4. Disseminating Experiences gathered from the results of technology commercialization.
5. Promoting innovation and entrepreneurship amongst STP related organizations and SMEs.
Ethical authorship and publication.
Principles of Ethical Publishing in the quarterly Journal of roshdefanavari:
- That the corresponding author has the approval of all other listed authors for the submission and publication of all versions of the manuscript.
- That all people who have a right to be recognized as authors have been included on the list of authors and everyone listed as an author has made an independent material contribution to the manuscript.
- That the work submitted in the manuscript is original and has not been published elsewhere and is not presently under consideration of publication by any other journal. The oral or poster presentation of parts of the work and its publishing as a single page abstract does not count as prior publication for this purpose.
- That the material in the manuscript has been acquired according to modern ethical standards and does not contain material copied from anyone else without their written permission.
- That all material which derives from prior work, including from the same authors, is properly attributed to the prior publication by proper citation.
- That the manuscript will be maintained on the servers of the Journal and held to be a valid publication by the Journal only as long as all statements in these principles remain true.
- That if any of the statements above ceases to be true the authors have a duty to notify the journal as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be withdrawn.
Scientific Misconduct and Unethical Practices
The Roshdefanavari Journal accepts the definitions of plagiarism, fabrication and falsification, Scientific misconduct and unethical acts proposed in the:
- ACECR (Academic Center of Education and culture of Research),
- Ministry of science, Research and Technology,
- of Culture and Islamic Guidance,
The list below includes, but is not limited to, the following prohibited acts:
- Plagiarism, which includes the theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work. It does not include authorship or credit disputes. The theft or misappropriation of intellectual property includes the unauthorized use of ideas or unique methods obtained via a privileged communication, such as a grant or manuscript review. Substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work is defined as the unattributed verbatim or nearly verbatim copying of sentences and paragraphs which materially misleads the ordinary reader regarding the contributions of the author. It does not include the limited use of identical or nearly identical phrases which describe a commonly used methodology or previous research. The author must show the editor written permission to quote any information learned personally from another investigator or by reviewing applications for research grants. In the introduction, and especially in the discussion of a paper, the author should cite fairly the work of others that is relevant either to the origin or to the outcome of the research described, including references to original findings and seminal works.
- Fabrication, which includes making up results and recording or reporting them, in whole or in part.
- Falsification is manipulating research, materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. It includes the suppressing or altering of data not in agreement with one's hypothesis.
- Redundant or duplicate publication, which includes the submission of a paper, or portion thereof, that overlaps with one already submitted or published. An author may not submit reports of the same or substantially overlapping research to more than one journal at the same time, unless the author can justify it in letters to both editors.
- Submission of animal or clinical research conducted without the approval of the institutional animal care and use committee or review board.
- Honorary authorship is not permitted in The Roshdefanavari Journal. Honorary authorship is the inclusion of authors who have not met The Roshdefanavari Journal’s definition of authors as described above. An author's signature on the copyright release form submitted with the manuscript and included in the byline of the manuscript indicates that the author agrees to share responsibility and accountability for the results. Alleged misconduct against an author on a manuscript will automatically entail investigation of all co-authors.
Open Access Article
1 - Designing a policy model for financing technological entrepreneurship in the early stages of creating a business in Iran
Mohsen Noorali Sorkhani عین اله کشاورز ترک Moqtadaalanam Ravanbakhsh,Iss. 71 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2022the present study seeks to semantically reconstruct the various dimensions of the model / optimal model of technological entrepreneurship financing policy in the early stages of business creation using the combined approach and the exploratory goal of the field theory a Morethe present study seeks to semantically reconstruct the various dimensions of the model / optimal model of technological entrepreneurship financing policy in the early stages of business creation using the combined approach and the exploratory goal of the field theory analysis method in the qualitative section and using the opinions of senior managers. And the professors specializing in this field have examined the existing concepts and interpretations from their point of view and in the quantitative part a questionnaire has been made using the main concepts extracted from the qualitative part in order to generalize and confirm the findings. In this research, first in order to identify financing methods and also the criteria for selecting the appropriate financing method, fuzzy Delphi method is used and then to determine priorities, hierarchical analysis is used and after determining these weights through TOPSIS method to prioritize the option. The issues raised were addressed. The results showed that among the methods of financing the formation of cooperative companies (0.93), receiving facilities with weight (0.87), issuing participation bonds with weight (0.72), creating investment companies (0.60), presence in the stock market (0.33) ), Creating a plan as a shareholder (0.22), and finally attracting foreign capital (0.00001) had the highest and lowest priority among financing methods, respectively. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
2 - Examining the Influencing Factors on Online Travel Purchase Intention, Using Technology Acceptance Model Extension
seyed mehdi mirmehdi Danial MolaeiIss. 71 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2022Online travel shopping has become attractive for researchers. In our country, online travel shopping is thriving and researchers try to recognize customers’ behavior in online context and factors that impact on their behavior. Companies and organizations recognize custo MoreOnline travel shopping has become attractive for researchers. In our country, online travel shopping is thriving and researchers try to recognize customers’ behavior in online context and factors that impact on their behavior. Companies and organizations recognize customers’ behavior and effecting factors to find their strength and weaknesses in marketing and find customers’ demands; this subsequently leads to customer loyalty and an increase in their profit. Previous researches largely concentrated on Davis’s technology acceptance model, theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior. In this research by using technology acceptance model, 10 hypotheses were tested to analyze their impact on online travel purchase. In this descriptive – survey research, a questionnaire consists of 35 questions distributed online. Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by professors and experts’ comments and reliability was confirmed using Cronbach alpha. A sample of 250 were analyzed and the results indicate attitude, perceived usefulness, trust, and price have a meaningful relationship with online purchase intention. Secondly, perceived usefulness and trust have impact on attitude about online travel purchase. Separately perceived ease of use showed no significant relationship with attitude and online travel purchase. Results on perceived privacy suggest that it has a meaningful relationship with trust in online travel purchase, contrarily it has no significant impact on online travel purchase intention. . Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
3 - Investigating the Impact of Augmented Reality Technology on the Psychological and Behavioral Inspiration of Online Store Customers
Yazdan shirmohammadi Mehrshad FakhariniaIss. 71 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2022With the advancement of technology in the present century and the increasing number of online stores, the question that occupies the minds of sellers and marketers is how in this competitive environment and what technology can be used to further influence consumers of g MoreWith the advancement of technology in the present century and the increasing number of online stores, the question that occupies the minds of sellers and marketers is how in this competitive environment and what technology can be used to further influence consumers of goods and products. One of these new technologies that has the potential to inspire customer behavior is augmented reality. Augmented reality covers and integrates virtual information into the user's perception of the real world. Given the growing prospects of augmented reality technology in the global arena, companies are increasingly interested in using augmented reality in their advertising. This research provides more knowledge about the latent potentials of augmented reality technology in marketing. In this context, our argument is that the use of augmented reality technology in online store applications can lead to psychological and behavioral inspiration for customers to buy products. The statistical population of this research is the users of Digikala online store in the municipal office of Chahar district of Karaj with a sample size of 176 people and was evaluated with a questionnaire whose validity and reliability were confirmed. In order to analyze demographic data and extract central indicators, descriptive statistics and SPSS 24 software were used, and for analysis and analysis of inferential statistics, structural equation model and PLS2 Smart software were used. Findings indicate a positive and significant effect of the role of this technology on psychological and behavioral inspiration of customers Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
4 - Open Innovation Development Policy: Requirements for Iran
atefeh zolfaghari Morteza Akbari Shokooh Sadat AlizadehIss. 71 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2022In the open innovation system, in addition to ideas within the organization, organizations can also benefit from ideas outside the organization. In this way, the boundaries between organizations and their external environments become more permeable, and if appropriate p MoreIn the open innovation system, in addition to ideas within the organization, organizations can also benefit from ideas outside the organization. In this way, the boundaries between organizations and their external environments become more permeable, and if appropriate policies are developed for the development of open innovation, it will be possible to take advantage of the facilities of other organizations in an appropriate way. This research have been reviewed texts and articles and researches related to open innovation and policy issues in open innovation. Requirements for open innovation policy in Iran regarding open innovation policy in the field of research and technology development, open innovation policy In the field of networking and interactions of open innovation ecosystem, open innovation policy in the field of entrepreneurship, open innovation policy in the field of science, open innovation policy in co-creation in universities, open innovation policy in the field of labor market, Competitive Open Innovation Policy-Making Provides International Open Innovation Policy-Making. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
5 - Investigating ICT on Empowerment Considering Social Capital and Self-Efficacy (Case study: Isfahan Steel Company)
sayyed mohammad reza davoodi javad gharaghaniIss. 71 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2022Today, it is believed that the existing and central phenomenon of the post-industrial age or the information age is information and communication technologies. The high efficiency of such technologies has led to increasing tendencies to invest in this field and to place MoreToday, it is believed that the existing and central phenomenon of the post-industrial age or the information age is information and communication technologies. The high efficiency of such technologies has led to increasing tendencies to invest in this field and to place it within the framework of development plans and the emergence of knowledge-based development plans. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate information and communication technology on empowerment by considering social capital and self-efficacy. The statistical population of the study consists of 130 employees of Isfahan Steel Company during the period 1398 to 1399. Using Morgan table, a sample of 97 people was examined using a questionnaire and the data obtained using statistical software spss 25 and Smart pls were analyzed. The research is descriptive-correlational in terms of practical purpose and in terms of data collection. Data analysis algorithm by partial least squares method which includes: review of measurement models (Cronbach's alpha, hybrid reliability, convergent validity) and structural model fit (factor load coefficients, significance of path coefficients and determination coefficient, model prediction index, good fit), direction The four components of information and communication technology, social capital, self-efficacy and empowerment were evaluated. Fitting of both parts of the data algorithm with combined reliability values equal to 0.894, 0.881, 0.864, 0.821 and convergent validity equal to 0.661, 0.702, 0.631 and 0.689, respectively, also indicates the desirability and The acceptability of the latent structure was at the level of indicators and components, so the final model was able to properly express the relationships between the questions describing the variable. Also, the findings of this study showed that information and communication technology is effective on empowerment by considering social capital and self-efficacy in Isfahan Steel Company. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
6 - Providing a Model for Evaluating Knowledge Management Systems Using Balanced Scorecard at Pars Khodro Company
Behzad Hasani ٌRocxana FekriIss. 71 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2022The purpose of this research is to identify and prioritize the criteria of knowledge management systems using BSC. The research method is descriptive-survey and the type of applied developmental research is Friedman and AHP ranking tracking method. Statistical populatio MoreThe purpose of this research is to identify and prioritize the criteria of knowledge management systems using BSC. The research method is descriptive-survey and the type of applied developmental research is Friedman and AHP ranking tracking method. Statistical population included all experts and top managers of Pars Khodro Company (157 people) and sample size was 111 people based on Cochran formula. Data were collected using a questionnaire designed by previous studies and expert opinions. Content validity index (CVR) was used to determine the validity of the questionnaire and Cranach’s alpha coefficient of 0.728 was used to determine its reliability. Data were analyzed using SPSS and EXPERT CHOICE statistical software. The results showed that: BSC's vision is financial, customer, growth and learning and internal processes respectively. From the financial point of view, the CEO's financial knowledge is the highest and avoidance of duplication of costs is the lowest, and from the customer's perspective, the highest priority is to improve the quality of customer service and the customer's least. And change in the system is the least important of the improvements, and lastly, the internal process view has the least degree of effectiveness of the system in achieving the most desirable organizational objectives and document size. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
7 - Identifying the effective factors on aging entrepreneurship and providing an interpretive structural model
ali poormandi Mohammad Bagher Gorji Ebrahim Abbasi majid ashrafiIss. 71 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2022Given that Iran is on the path of development and older entrepreneurs have an increasing share in economic activities in developed countries, the category of elderly entrepreneurship can help accelerate the country's development. Therefore, the aim of this study was to MoreGiven that Iran is on the path of development and older entrepreneurs have an increasing share in economic activities in developed countries, the category of elderly entrepreneurship can help accelerate the country's development. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting aging entrepreneurship and model design with an interpretive structural approach. The present research is applied and based on the method, descriptive-correlation. The decision team consisted of 11 senior entrepreneurs and university professors. In the first step, the factors affecting elderly entrepreneurship were identified using in-depth interviews using data-based method, which includes 24 components in eight dimensions (personality traits, entrepreneurial skills, entrepreneurial competence, entrepreneurial motivation, entrepreneurial attitude, cognitive factors, human networks and behavioral characteristics. Are entrepreneurs). In the second step, interpretive structural modeling with Excel software was used to present the model. The results showed that the elderly entrepreneurship model has four levels: human networks in the first level, dimensions (entrepreneurial skills, entrepreneurial competence, entrepreneurial motivation, entrepreneurial attitude and cognitive factors) in the second level, entrepreneurial behavioral characteristics in the third level and personality traits in the fourth level. Are located. Therefore, it can be said that the foundation of aging entrepreneurship is personality traits. Also, MICMAC analysis showed that the dimensions (1-8) are in the independent cluster and the dimension (7) is in the dependent cluster and the dimensions (2-3-4-5-6) are in the link cluster. Findings Research reflects aging entrepreneurship as a process of seizing opportunities by combining resources by human factors in order to create new values. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
1 - Knowledge Management,Culture, and Higher Education
Mohammadali NeumatiIss. 7 , Vol. 2 , Summer 2006This article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and MoreThis article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and historical insight into the major challenge in knowledge management involves organizational culture of knowledge sharing.The second part, the main body of the article, devoted to explored the importance of creation, development management of this strategic and its implication at universities and higher education institutions. In the final part, the role of information technology, human resource, and methodes in the process of knowledge management will be discussed. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
2 - Marketing activities in Small and Medium technology enterprises
Iss. 43 , Vol. 11 , Summer 2015Small and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and th MoreSmall and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and the need for high initial investment, this kind of firms are faced with more difficulties. Lack of knowledge and marketing skills is one of the main reasons for the failure of these companies. It is obvious that marketing is the most important key element for success of technology-based small and medium enterprises and it should be a priority in their activities. The aim of this study is to identify marketing challenges in small and medium-sized technology based companies based on previous studies and experiences in Iranian Science and Technology Parks and Technology Incubators. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
3 - A Review of Knowledge-Based Economy: from the Formation to the Action; Case study: knowledge-based Economy in Iran
Abdollah Elm Khah Mahdi Sadeghi ShahdaniIss. 44 , Vol. 11 , Autumn 2015Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. MoreTheorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. Knowledge-based economy formed based on the production, distribution and application of knowledge and information. Therefore, investing in knowledge and knowledge-based industries got particular attentions. This paper reviews the literatures of knowledge-based economy due to its importance, and the emphasis of The Supreme Leader on special attentions of policy makers to implementation of it based on upstream documents. This article is provided according to the analytical and descriptive method based on available documents. The knowledge-based economy is addressed in the course of economic ideas, theories of knowledge-based economy, definitions, characteristics, advantages, elements, measuring indicators, policies of the knowledge-based economy in Iran, situation of Knowledge-based economy in Iran based on World Bank Index. At the end conclusion is presented. The results show that the fulfilling of the knowledge-based economy requires trained and skilled workforce, supportive government policies, making reform in society culture, efficient innovation system, indigenous knowledge, ICT, institutional and government stimulus, supporting intellectual property rights and so on. Although the World Bank 2005 report shows that there was a very significant imbalance between the indicators. By government efforts, the imbalance was declined slightly in 2007 and according to the latest World Bank report in 2012, Iran with an average 3/91 has gained the rank of 94 between 146 countries in terms of the knowledge-based economy. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
4 - Technology Growth, Learning Change
hamed abbasi kasani gholamreza shams mourkaniIss. 54 , Vol. 14 , Spring 2018The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT MoreThe emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT in teaching and learning methods. ICT has a very important role in teaching and learning method. In fact, the role of ICT in evolving teaching and learning method is considerable. This paper aimed to investigate the ICT impact on the learning method changes. This study is a kind of review one. The library method and the deep study of available literature in related domestic and international essays and books in ICT field, Different learning method, the effect of ICT on learning, mobile learning, distance learning, correspondence learning, electronic learning, mobile learning, and blended learning are used to gather information. Research shows that the ICT progresses cause people move toward distance, lifelong, personalized and network learning apart from time and place. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
5 - Identify Indicators for Evaluating the Performance of Corporate Entrepreneurship
Saeed Safari Reza Abbasi Mozhgan Soltani AliabadIss. 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of orga MoreToday, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of organizations to the phenomenon of entrepreneurship has been led to the creation of a certain territory of this concept that is called organizational entrepreneurship. As far as organizational entrepreneurship are transformed to one of the strategic approaches in organizations, to achieve high performance and great success. Choose this approach is effective for organizations when we can evaluate the results and provide organizational goals with proper management. So, having appropriate indicators to be used for the assessment of organizational entrepreneurship is very important. Therefore, this study seeks to identify appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance organizational entrepreneurship. For this purpose, after reviewing research literature, were extracted performance evaluation indicators, and with the help of the framework of EFQM Excellence Model, were classified in 9 categories. After refining the extracted indicators and removal of repetitive indicators, the 63 index that had remained, to determining the most important indicators, was placed in the hands of experts in the format of a questionnaire and Finally, by analyzing data obtained, were identified appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance. Results of present study, presented 29 indicators in nine criteria of: Leadership, Strategy, Employee, Partnerships and Resources, Processes, Products and Services, Customer Results, Employee Results, Society Results and Key Results; as the appropriate indicators to evaluating the performance of organizational entrepreneurship. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
6 - The Study of the Affecting Factors of Knowledge Based Firms’ Growth and Success
Mahdieh Tari Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour AzbaryIss. 45 , Vol. 12 , Winter 2016Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors MoreNowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors causes this firms growth and success. The main purpose of this study is identifying the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success by use of qualitative study. In terms of purpose, this study is practical and the analytical methodology was used. For this purpose semi-structured interview by using thematic analyzing is conducted. Experts whom interviewed are 20 executive managers of top and successful knowledge based firms located in Isfahan Science and Technology Town (ISTT) (Sheikh Bahai) in the last three years. The review of literature, and the results of interviews showed 3main themes that classify the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success to 3 levels: individual, organizational and environmental. Based on the results, it seems that government and environmental conditions play a more important role in providing appropriate context for knowledge based firms’ growth and success. According to the interviews, view government and environmental conditions has main role in success and durability of knowledge based firms and spin-offs. Finally, based on the results, referring to existing shortcomings in the field of this firm’s activity and the main emphases of the experts, the necessary considerations for effective factors reinforcement has provided. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
7 - Developing a Conceptual Model of Strategic Agility in Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs)
Reza BandarianIss. 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid tec MoreResearch and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid technological changes. RTOs by development of proactive features on their interior can achieve to a special ability called "strategic agility". Strategic agility is the ability to reform, renovate and renewal the organization, business model and strategies to cope with environmental changes. In this paper, in order to develop a comprehensive framework to achieve strategic agility in RTOs, first, all of the previous research in the field of strategic agility in the last few years have been reviewed and then adapt and adjust to the nature, characteristics and requirements of RTOs, finally the seven dimensions (key factors) and thirty one index for strategic agility in RTOs extracted and has been defined. The seven key factors are strategic sensitivity, clear vision, selecting strategic technological knowledge goals, identifying key capabilities, seizing and exploitation, continuous technological innovation and being proactive. This model is based on the combination of both internal and external organizational approach, and provides the basis for the assessment of strategic agility in RTOs. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
8 - Assessment of Knowledge and Ability of Knowledge Workers in Knowledge Based Organizations using Shannon Human Potential Model
Abass Afrazeh Mohammad Alimoradi Sajad GolmohamadiIss. 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Creativity appearance in organizations surprisingly affects in successful solving of problems, their survival, and reaching to desirable point of competitiveness and industrial productivity. In one side industrial organizations with decentralizing approach from organiza MoreCreativity appearance in organizations surprisingly affects in successful solving of problems, their survival, and reaching to desirable point of competitiveness and industrial productivity. In one side industrial organizations with decentralizing approach from organizational structure in the form of giving authority from managers to lower levels are going to reach to economical efficiency, creativity and finally to a higher productivity. In this article looking at Hanson Theory about decentralizing strategies, we have identified equifinality (using different technologies, methods, and resources for reaching to a creatively predetermined and great result) as a loosely strategies of decentralization. Considering researches have been done in a context of creativity and equifinality as a Decentralized Management Approach, we can see lots of researchers referred to the importance necessity of this phenomenon as a one of open system characteristics to intensify creativity, competitiveness’ prosperity, and productivity. But a comprehensive research has not been observed in related with correlation of creativity and equifinality in industrial organizations’ subject in a special case. In this research with using content Analysis method, a new category of equifinality usages in organization that causes creativity results, have been attempted to represent by surveying the past studies in relation with “decentralized management and equifinality” and “equifinality and creativity”. With revision and surveying the theories of different researchers in relation with the subject of decentralized management, equifinality and creativity, research's result subdivided in two dimensions accompanied with its components namely “equifinality and work process”, and “equifinality and structure”. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
9 - Suitable Organizational Structure for Knowledge-Based Companies
Najaf Allahyari fard Rasoul AbbasiIss. 29 , Vol. 8 , Winter 2012Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & insti MoreKnowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & institutions are private or cooperative companies that cause synergy of science and wealth, development of knowledge-based economy, achievement of scientific and economic goals (including development and application of invention and innovation) and commercialization of research and development (including design and production of goods and services) in the high technology and high value-added production, particularly in the form of software. Knowledge-based companies can be divided into two categories: micro and macro. K-based companies have made some important features such as job creation, positive competitiveness, generation and development. Those companies are commensurate with their growing economies. Organizational structures of companies in many different companies and organizations are playing an efficient role. The types of organizations and companies determine organizational structure. In this study we reviewe organizational structures, including functional, productional, regional, Matrix, connectional, horizontal, network, associational, star, clover and Virtual. We propose a suitable pattern “network-Virtual-horizontal” for organizational structure of K-based companies. This organizational structure increases productivity in knowledge-based companies. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
10 - Investigation of Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Development in Agricultural Knowledge-Based business (Case Study: Tabarestan Technology Incubator)
mohammad mehdi mardanshahiIss. 52 , Vol. 13 , Autumn 2017Today, in many of developed and developing countries, the agricultural sector plays an important role in food production, employment and trade. Furthermore knowledge- based companies are as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries and the effective role of MoreToday, in many of developed and developing countries, the agricultural sector plays an important role in food production, employment and trade. Furthermore knowledge- based companies are as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries and the effective role of information and communication technology in business development has become more evident. Therefore the purpose of this study was to Investigation of Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Development in Agricultural Knowledge-Based business.This research is descriptive-survey based on the method of doing and in terms of target, is functional. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. Its validity was confirmed by a panel of experts and also its reliability was reported 0/793 (the Cronbach's alpha). The population of this study included 24 managers of Agricultural Knowledge-Based business, based at Tabarestan Technology Incubator. They were selected by Census method. Data analysis was carried out in two parts: a description and analysis was performed using the SPSS21 software. The results showed that Infrastructure factor is the most important component in the development of Information and Communication Technology. The Computers and Internet are the most important of Infrastructure factor and they have a fundamental role in developing business, especially agricultural knowledge-based businesses. Manuscript profile