About the Journal
Technology Development (Roshd-e-Fanavari) is a journal of science and technology parks & incubators which is published by Rooyesh IT incubator (RITI), affiliated to Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR).
The aim of the Journal of Technology Development (JTD) is to foster the growth of research activities among the experts of science and technology parks and incubators, It also provides a medium for mutual communication between the government, academia and the industry on the one hand, and the world science and technology community on the other.
The principal language of the journal is Persian and English.
The Journal welcomes original research contributions (previously unpublished), lessons learned and the case studies that cover various aspects of Innovation, networking, incubators management, Incubators operational models, Technology commercialization, Entrepreneurship, Science & Technology Parks, Research & Development, Business models, Marketing, Benchmarking of incubators and STPs, SMEs and Venture Capitals. The journal also includes technical virtual/real discussion panels and round tables in field of science and technology parks and incubators.
Roshd-e-Fanavari is a member of COPE and endorses its guidelines, which are available at http://www.publicationethics.org
Journal Target Community:
The main target audiences of our journal are as follows:
- Science and Technology Parks (STPs) and Incubators;
- Research institutes & Academic centers;
- Executive policy makers in the field of technology.
The aims and scopes of this journal are as follows:
1. Reflecting the best practices and view points of experts in the field of technology.
2. Providing information at national/international levels for science and technology parks and incubators.
3. Providing an environment for exchanging ideas and consultation expertise in the fields of science and technology.
4. Disseminating Experiences gathered from the results of technology commercialization.
5. Promoting innovation and entrepreneurship amongst STP related organizations and SMEs.
Ethical authorship and publication.
Principles of Ethical Publishing in the quarterly Journal of roshdefanavari:
- That the corresponding author has the approval of all other listed authors for the submission and publication of all versions of the manuscript.
- That all people who have a right to be recognized as authors have been included on the list of authors and everyone listed as an author has made an independent material contribution to the manuscript.
- That the work submitted in the manuscript is original and has not been published elsewhere and is not presently under consideration of publication by any other journal. The oral or poster presentation of parts of the work and its publishing as a single page abstract does not count as prior publication for this purpose.
- That the material in the manuscript has been acquired according to modern ethical standards and does not contain material copied from anyone else without their written permission.
- That all material which derives from prior work, including from the same authors, is properly attributed to the prior publication by proper citation.
- That the manuscript will be maintained on the servers of the Journal and held to be a valid publication by the Journal only as long as all statements in these principles remain true.
- That if any of the statements above ceases to be true the authors have a duty to notify the journal as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be withdrawn.
Scientific Misconduct and Unethical Practices
The Roshdefanavari Journal accepts the definitions of plagiarism, fabrication and falsification, Scientific misconduct and unethical acts proposed in the:
- ACECR (Academic Center of Education and culture of Research),
- Ministry of science, Research and Technology,
- of Culture and Islamic Guidance,
The list below includes, but is not limited to, the following prohibited acts:
- Plagiarism, which includes the theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work. It does not include authorship or credit disputes. The theft or misappropriation of intellectual property includes the unauthorized use of ideas or unique methods obtained via a privileged communication, such as a grant or manuscript review. Substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work is defined as the unattributed verbatim or nearly verbatim copying of sentences and paragraphs which materially misleads the ordinary reader regarding the contributions of the author. It does not include the limited use of identical or nearly identical phrases which describe a commonly used methodology or previous research. The author must show the editor written permission to quote any information learned personally from another investigator or by reviewing applications for research grants. In the introduction, and especially in the discussion of a paper, the author should cite fairly the work of others that is relevant either to the origin or to the outcome of the research described, including references to original findings and seminal works.
- Fabrication, which includes making up results and recording or reporting them, in whole or in part.
- Falsification is manipulating research, materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. It includes the suppressing or altering of data not in agreement with one's hypothesis.
- Redundant or duplicate publication, which includes the submission of a paper, or portion thereof, that overlaps with one already submitted or published. An author may not submit reports of the same or substantially overlapping research to more than one journal at the same time, unless the author can justify it in letters to both editors.
- Submission of animal or clinical research conducted without the approval of the institutional animal care and use committee or review board.
- Honorary authorship is not permitted in The Roshdefanavari Journal. Honorary authorship is the inclusion of authors who have not met The Roshdefanavari Journal’s definition of authors as described above. An author's signature on the copyright release form submitted with the manuscript and included in the byline of the manuscript indicates that the author agrees to share responsibility and accountability for the results. Alleged misconduct against an author on a manuscript will automatically entail investigation of all co-authors.
Open Access Article
1 - Analysis and evaluation of innovation ecosystems, a case study of Yazd and Mazandaran
Ali Motamedzadegan Mostafa Karimian Eghbal MohammadReza Khodabakhshi Ardalan Oshani Mohammad Mahdi LotfiVol. 19 , Special IssueToday, innovation, flexibility and readiness for change are the most important factors for economic development in different countries. Examining the experiences of other countries and the new approaches of the world regarding sustainable development based on innovation MoreToday, innovation, flexibility and readiness for change are the most important factors for economic development in different countries. Examining the experiences of other countries and the new approaches of the world regarding sustainable development based on innovation, points out that moving towards a knowledge-based economy requires the recognition of innovation as the main factor. On the other hand, innovation is a complex process, and in order to achieve an innovative and sustainable business environment, a set of actors, stakeholders, infrastructures, policies, as well as a set of norms and rules must exist together and be able to interact well with each other as a network. Such a complex environment has a behavior similar to natural ecosystems, where component interacts with each other. Therefore, in recent years, a model has been introduced to describe innovation ecosystems, which is called the rainforest model. In this article, an attempt has been made to describe the behavior of innovation ecosystems from the perspective of this model. This model provides a tool called the rainforest scorecard, which is a suitable measure for evaluating and analyzing innovation ecosystems. In the second half of this article, the evaluation and analysis of two innovation ecosystems of Yazd and Mazandaran provinces have been done using this model. The results of this survey show that the Yazd innovation ecosystem is in a much better condition in terms of hardware than the software aspect and the culture that dominates the ecosystem. But in Mazandaran, both the hardware and software parameters of the ecosystem are more or less similar to each other and need to be strengthened. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
2 - Analysis of Thematic Trends of Smart City Studies in the Recent Decade (From the Emergence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to 2021)
Alireza Noruzi Mohammad Reza Vasfi Somayyeh Jafari BaghiabadiVol. 19 , Special IssueThe fourth industrial revolution, with the convergence of new technologies, has led to the emergence of smart cities. While the smartening of cities by governments has been happening at a high speed, the concept and implementation of the smart city are still being updat MoreThe fourth industrial revolution, with the convergence of new technologies, has led to the emergence of smart cities. While the smartening of cities by governments has been happening at a high speed, the concept and implementation of the smart city are still being updated and changed. In this regard, the current research aims to analyze the thematic trends of publications on smart city in the Web of Science (WoS) database from the emergence of the fourth industrial revolution to 2021, and track the thematic trends of these studies. This scientometric research was carried out descriptively with the content analysis method, using the techniques of co-occurrence analysis and social network analysis. The trends of publications and citation influence of studies in the field of smart cities in the last decade has had an upward growth of 38.78% and 69.49%, respectively. In the three time periods, "IoT, City, Internet, and Wireless Sensor Network" have the most frequency, "IOT, City, Internet, and Wireless Sensor Network" have the most connections, and "ipv6, Sustainable City, and Urban Development" in 2012–2015, "Taxonomy, cloud objects and distributed computing" in 2016–2018 and "Literature review, urban informatics, and sustainable urban development" in 2019-2021 have received the most citations. In 2012–2015, clusters of sensor networks, smartphones, genetic algorithms, advanced sensors, ubiquitous city, and m2m; in 2016-2018 clusters of deep learning, participation, evolutionary algorithms, ubiquitous computing, and smart cities; and in 2019-2021 blockchain clusters, participation citizenship, IoT, topics, technologies, and tools.multi-agent systems, and Brazil were identified. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
3 - Analysis And Design Of Niroo Innovation Ecosystem: Experiences And Lessons For The Future
Alireza Valyan Mohammad Saleh OliuaVol. 19 , Special IssueBy increasing the role of innovation in the economy of countries and turning it into the most important competitive advantage, attention to this concept has increased. Analysis and design of systems that foster innovation have thus been the focus of science and technolo MoreBy increasing the role of innovation in the economy of countries and turning it into the most important competitive advantage, attention to this concept has increased. Analysis and design of systems that foster innovation have thus been the focus of science and technology policymakers in recent years. One of these systems that have generated many debates in the scientific and professional communities in the field of innovation over the past decade is the innovation ecosystem. Iran’s power and water industry, including numerous companies, research and technology organizations, technological and knowledge-based companies, and supporting institutions can be considered an innovation ecosystem whose elements interact with each other to exchange value to reach the goal of providing reliable and sustainable water and electricity for the society. This article is the result of a project to analyze, design, and establish the energy innovation ecosystem. In this direction and based on soft modeling methods, role analysis and mapping workshops were held with stakeholders and key players of the energy innovation ecosystem. The approach of complex adaptive systems was used to identify and analyze the dynamics of this ecosystem. Based on the obtained results, the roles and duties of each of the actors of Niro's innovation ecosystem were obtained in the form of an aligned structure including two levels of counter and support elements in the scope of the commercialization process. The results of this article can provide researchers and activists in this field with a new perspective on the policy-making of innovation ecosystems. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
4 - Investigation of Various Fields of the Iranian Industry Applicability to Advance the Fourth Industrial Revolution Based on the Internet of Things
Sadegh Abdolabadi Mohammad Mehdi MovahediVol. 19 , Special IssueThe purpose of this study is to investigate industry 4.0 advancement in various application areas of Iranian industry using Internet of Things -based achievements and technologies. In this research, 112 articles were studied by searching for specialized keywords related MoreThe purpose of this study is to investigate industry 4.0 advancement in various application areas of Iranian industry using Internet of Things -based achievements and technologies. In this research, 112 articles were studied by searching for specialized keywords related to the topic and using valid research sources. In the following, 88 abstracts of articles related to Internet of Things applications were reviewed. In the review we finally made up the 32 title of our article on the subject literature. According to the subject literature, various applications of iot were extracted and categorized in a table; Then, by forming a target group of experts and designing a paired comparative questionnaire for the AHP method and using Expert Choice software, the results showed that according to infrastructure criteria, financial support, senior management support, training training, firmware availability., Communication Security, Expertise and Desire for Innovation, Intelligent Manufacturing Including Automotive Industry, Intelligent Industrial Control and Manufacturing, Supply Chain Management and Support, Smart Networks, Intelligent Logistics, Intelligent Manufacturing Services and Processes, etc. Industry 4.0 with Internet of Things technology. There is also a low level of environmental and recycling usability that requires senior managers to support Internet of Things technology transfer strategies, the use of Internet of Things specialists, and the financial support of upstream managers to leverage the Internet of Things -compliant infrastructure. This area will pave the way for industry 4.0. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
5 - The Effects of Start-up Visas on the Future of the Innovation Ecosystem and Entrepreneurship of Countries
MohammadAmin Mowla Bahram SalavatiVol. 19 , Special IssueDuring the last decades, the global competition to hunt talent has intensified. Therefore, three is a great competition among new and traditional receiving countries to attract entrepreneurs and skilled migrants who have the considerable ability to create jobs or econom MoreDuring the last decades, the global competition to hunt talent has intensified. Therefore, three is a great competition among new and traditional receiving countries to attract entrepreneurs and skilled migrants who have the considerable ability to create jobs or economic benefits. In this regard, receiving countries through some specific programs like startup visas pave the road for innovative entrepreneurs and startup founders. This paper, reviews what startup visas are, how the countries apply them for attracting entrepreneurs and startups and finally considers the bilateral effects of startup visas on entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystem of countries. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
6 - The Effect of Transparency, Actors' Trust and Social Influence in the Adoption of Blockchain Technology in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (A Case Study of European Tourists)
Yazdan Shirmohammadi Nikooee Alireza sinaei sinaeiVol. 19 , Special IssueThe aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Facilitating Conditions, Transparency, Stakeholder Trust, Social Influence and Performance Expectancy on the Adoption of Blockchain Technology through the Intention to use Technology in the Tourism Industry; Case st MoreThe aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Facilitating Conditions, Transparency, Stakeholder Trust, Social Influence and Performance Expectancy on the Adoption of Blockchain Technology through the Intention to use Technology in the Tourism Industry; Case study: Travel Services Offices in Tehran which based on the practical purpose, based on The data collection time is survey. Its validity and reliability were confirmed. The reliability of the questionnaire was obtained by Cronbach's alpha test for the whole questionnaire at 0.76. The statistical population of this study includes managers and staff of travel service offices in Tehran and the sample size is 384 people and the sampling method is available. The data analysis method to evaluate the hypotheses is a simple, multiple and mediated regression model. According to the findings, Behavioral Intention, Performance Expectancy, Social Impact (Social Influence), Facilitating Conditions on Behavioral Expectations for Blockchain Adoption had a positive and significant effect, but Trust among Supply chain Stakeholders did not have a positive and significant effect on Behavioral Intention to use Blockchain. The findings of this research indicate that the activity of Iran's tourism industry, using blockchain as a communication platform to pay for services, has a positive and effective effect on foreign tourists. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
7 - Examining the Status of Iran in the Global Innovation Index
AmirAli Karimi Ali MalekiVol. 19 , Special IssueToday, many countries look at the phenomenon of innovation as a tool for economic growth and development. The existence of many complexities in the path of creation to the application of innovation has caused many scholars to consider innovation in the form of an ecosys MoreToday, many countries look at the phenomenon of innovation as a tool for economic growth and development. The existence of many complexities in the path of creation to the application of innovation has caused many scholars to consider innovation in the form of an ecosystem. One of the reports that measures the innovation ecosystem in detail is the Global Innovation Index. This index examines different aspects of innovation by using seven pillars, each of these pillars has three sub-pillars and each sub-pillar has a number of indicators. With a history of 12 years in the report, Iran has gone through a growing trend, so that it has reached from the 120th rank in 2014 to the 53rd rank in 2022. The study of Iran's situation in various indicators shows that the country has a very favorable situation in the world in the education of university graduates, scholarly publications and domestic patents, while it has an unfavorable situation in the indicators related to the business environment and innovation collaborations. Due to the lack of data or not being up-to-date, Iran's situation in some indicators and sub-columns cannot be accurately cited. This point clearly shows that the policy maker must have an up-to-date internal database to evaluate the innovation ecosystem in order to adopt effective and flexible policies. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
1 - Knowledge Management,Culture, and Higher Education
Mohammadali NeumatiIssue 7 , Vol. 2 , Summer 2006This article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and MoreThis article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and historical insight into the major challenge in knowledge management involves organizational culture of knowledge sharing.The second part, the main body of the article, devoted to explored the importance of creation, development management of this strategic and its implication at universities and higher education institutions. In the final part, the role of information technology, human resource, and methodes in the process of knowledge management will be discussed. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
2 - Marketing activities in Small and Medium technology enterprises
Issue 43 , Vol. 11 , Summer 2015Small and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and th MoreSmall and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and the need for high initial investment, this kind of firms are faced with more difficulties. Lack of knowledge and marketing skills is one of the main reasons for the failure of these companies. It is obvious that marketing is the most important key element for success of technology-based small and medium enterprises and it should be a priority in their activities. The aim of this study is to identify marketing challenges in small and medium-sized technology based companies based on previous studies and experiences in Iranian Science and Technology Parks and Technology Incubators. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
3 - A Review of Knowledge-Based Economy: from the Formation to the Action; Case study: knowledge-based Economy in Iran
Abdollah Elm Khah Mahdi Sadeghi ShahdaniIssue 44 , Vol. 11 , Autumn 2015Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. MoreTheorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. Knowledge-based economy formed based on the production, distribution and application of knowledge and information. Therefore, investing in knowledge and knowledge-based industries got particular attentions. This paper reviews the literatures of knowledge-based economy due to its importance, and the emphasis of The Supreme Leader on special attentions of policy makers to implementation of it based on upstream documents. This article is provided according to the analytical and descriptive method based on available documents. The knowledge-based economy is addressed in the course of economic ideas, theories of knowledge-based economy, definitions, characteristics, advantages, elements, measuring indicators, policies of the knowledge-based economy in Iran, situation of Knowledge-based economy in Iran based on World Bank Index. At the end conclusion is presented. The results show that the fulfilling of the knowledge-based economy requires trained and skilled workforce, supportive government policies, making reform in society culture, efficient innovation system, indigenous knowledge, ICT, institutional and government stimulus, supporting intellectual property rights and so on. Although the World Bank 2005 report shows that there was a very significant imbalance between the indicators. By government efforts, the imbalance was declined slightly in 2007 and according to the latest World Bank report in 2012, Iran with an average 3/91 has gained the rank of 94 between 146 countries in terms of the knowledge-based economy. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
4 - Technology Growth, Learning Change
hamed abbasi kasani gholamreza shams mourkaniIssue 54 , Vol. 14 , Spring 2018The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT MoreThe emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT in teaching and learning methods. ICT has a very important role in teaching and learning method. In fact, the role of ICT in evolving teaching and learning method is considerable. This paper aimed to investigate the ICT impact on the learning method changes. This study is a kind of review one. The library method and the deep study of available literature in related domestic and international essays and books in ICT field, Different learning method, the effect of ICT on learning, mobile learning, distance learning, correspondence learning, electronic learning, mobile learning, and blended learning are used to gather information. Research shows that the ICT progresses cause people move toward distance, lifelong, personalized and network learning apart from time and place. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
5 - Identify Indicators for Evaluating the Performance of Corporate Entrepreneurship
Saeed Safari Reza Abbasi Mozhgan Soltani AliabadIssue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of orga MoreToday, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of organizations to the phenomenon of entrepreneurship has been led to the creation of a certain territory of this concept that is called organizational entrepreneurship. As far as organizational entrepreneurship are transformed to one of the strategic approaches in organizations, to achieve high performance and great success. Choose this approach is effective for organizations when we can evaluate the results and provide organizational goals with proper management. So, having appropriate indicators to be used for the assessment of organizational entrepreneurship is very important. Therefore, this study seeks to identify appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance organizational entrepreneurship. For this purpose, after reviewing research literature, were extracted performance evaluation indicators, and with the help of the framework of EFQM Excellence Model, were classified in 9 categories. After refining the extracted indicators and removal of repetitive indicators, the 63 index that had remained, to determining the most important indicators, was placed in the hands of experts in the format of a questionnaire and Finally, by analyzing data obtained, were identified appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance. Results of present study, presented 29 indicators in nine criteria of: Leadership, Strategy, Employee, Partnerships and Resources, Processes, Products and Services, Customer Results, Employee Results, Society Results and Key Results; as the appropriate indicators to evaluating the performance of organizational entrepreneurship. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
6 - The Study of the Affecting Factors of Knowledge Based Firms’ Growth and Success
Mahdieh Tari Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour AzbaryIssue 45 , Vol. 12 , Winter 2016Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors MoreNowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors causes this firms growth and success. The main purpose of this study is identifying the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success by use of qualitative study. In terms of purpose, this study is practical and the analytical methodology was used. For this purpose semi-structured interview by using thematic analyzing is conducted. Experts whom interviewed are 20 executive managers of top and successful knowledge based firms located in Isfahan Science and Technology Town (ISTT) (Sheikh Bahai) in the last three years. The review of literature, and the results of interviews showed 3main themes that classify the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success to 3 levels: individual, organizational and environmental. Based on the results, it seems that government and environmental conditions play a more important role in providing appropriate context for knowledge based firms’ growth and success. According to the interviews, view government and environmental conditions has main role in success and durability of knowledge based firms and spin-offs. Finally, based on the results, referring to existing shortcomings in the field of this firm’s activity and the main emphases of the experts, the necessary considerations for effective factors reinforcement has provided. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
7 - Developing a Conceptual Model of Strategic Agility in Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs)
Reza BandarianIssue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid tec MoreResearch and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid technological changes. RTOs by development of proactive features on their interior can achieve to a special ability called "strategic agility". Strategic agility is the ability to reform, renovate and renewal the organization, business model and strategies to cope with environmental changes. In this paper, in order to develop a comprehensive framework to achieve strategic agility in RTOs, first, all of the previous research in the field of strategic agility in the last few years have been reviewed and then adapt and adjust to the nature, characteristics and requirements of RTOs, finally the seven dimensions (key factors) and thirty one index for strategic agility in RTOs extracted and has been defined. The seven key factors are strategic sensitivity, clear vision, selecting strategic technological knowledge goals, identifying key capabilities, seizing and exploitation, continuous technological innovation and being proactive. This model is based on the combination of both internal and external organizational approach, and provides the basis for the assessment of strategic agility in RTOs. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
8 - Suitable Organizational Structure for Knowledge-Based Companies
Najaf Allahyari fard Rasoul AbbasiIssue 29 , Vol. 8 , Winter 2012Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & insti MoreKnowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & institutions are private or cooperative companies that cause synergy of science and wealth, development of knowledge-based economy, achievement of scientific and economic goals (including development and application of invention and innovation) and commercialization of research and development (including design and production of goods and services) in the high technology and high value-added production, particularly in the form of software. Knowledge-based companies can be divided into two categories: micro and macro. K-based companies have made some important features such as job creation, positive competitiveness, generation and development. Those companies are commensurate with their growing economies. Organizational structures of companies in many different companies and organizations are playing an efficient role. The types of organizations and companies determine organizational structure. In this study we reviewe organizational structures, including functional, productional, regional, Matrix, connectional, horizontal, network, associational, star, clover and Virtual. We propose a suitable pattern “network-Virtual-horizontal” for organizational structure of K-based companies. This organizational structure increases productivity in knowledge-based companies. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
9 - Assessment of Knowledge and Ability of Knowledge Workers in Knowledge Based Organizations using Shannon Human Potential Model
Abass Afrazeh Mohammad Alimoradi Sajad GolmohamadiIssue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Creativity appearance in organizations surprisingly affects in successful solving of problems, their survival, and reaching to desirable point of competitiveness and industrial productivity. In one side industrial organizations with decentralizing approach from organiza MoreCreativity appearance in organizations surprisingly affects in successful solving of problems, their survival, and reaching to desirable point of competitiveness and industrial productivity. In one side industrial organizations with decentralizing approach from organizational structure in the form of giving authority from managers to lower levels are going to reach to economical efficiency, creativity and finally to a higher productivity. In this article looking at Hanson Theory about decentralizing strategies, we have identified equifinality (using different technologies, methods, and resources for reaching to a creatively predetermined and great result) as a loosely strategies of decentralization. Considering researches have been done in a context of creativity and equifinality as a Decentralized Management Approach, we can see lots of researchers referred to the importance necessity of this phenomenon as a one of open system characteristics to intensify creativity, competitiveness’ prosperity, and productivity. But a comprehensive research has not been observed in related with correlation of creativity and equifinality in industrial organizations’ subject in a special case. In this research with using content Analysis method, a new category of equifinality usages in organization that causes creativity results, have been attempted to represent by surveying the past studies in relation with “decentralized management and equifinality” and “equifinality and creativity”. With revision and surveying the theories of different researchers in relation with the subject of decentralized management, equifinality and creativity, research's result subdivided in two dimensions accompanied with its components namely “equifinality and work process”, and “equifinality and structure”. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
10 - Investigation of Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Development in Agricultural Knowledge-Based business (Case Study: Tabarestan Technology Incubator)
mohammad mehdi mardanshahiIssue 52 , Vol. 13 , Autumn 2017Today, in many of developed and developing countries, the agricultural sector plays an important role in food production, employment and trade. Furthermore knowledge- based companies are as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries and the effective role of MoreToday, in many of developed and developing countries, the agricultural sector plays an important role in food production, employment and trade. Furthermore knowledge- based companies are as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries and the effective role of information and communication technology in business development has become more evident. Therefore the purpose of this study was to Investigation of Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Development in Agricultural Knowledge-Based business.This research is descriptive-survey based on the method of doing and in terms of target, is functional. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. Its validity was confirmed by a panel of experts and also its reliability was reported 0/793 (the Cronbach's alpha). The population of this study included 24 managers of Agricultural Knowledge-Based business, based at Tabarestan Technology Incubator. They were selected by Census method. Data analysis was carried out in two parts: a description and analysis was performed using the SPSS21 software. The results showed that Infrastructure factor is the most important component in the development of Information and Communication Technology. The Computers and Internet are the most important of Infrastructure factor and they have a fundamental role in developing business, especially agricultural knowledge-based businesses. Manuscript profile