• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Identify and Prioritize Science Parks and Technology Services Offered to Companies Active in the Field of Software Technologies
        Saeed Shavalpour Sadegh  HosseinZadeh Maleki Mehdi Ghafori Fard Mir Saman Pishvaee
        Formation of science and technology parks in Iran dates back to more than two decades. However, there are numerous challenges for the mission defined for them; parks cannot significantly give services to companies operating in the country's soft-technology. One of the c Full Text
        Formation of science and technology parks in Iran dates back to more than two decades. However, there are numerous challenges for the mission defined for them; parks cannot significantly give services to companies operating in the country's soft-technology. One of the challenges that science and technology parks in the country are facing is a certain criteria to determine optimum services provided for development of companies operating in the field of software technology. Hence, this research has been trying to examine the various models of science and technology parks global software as well as field study, the opinions of some activists inside the arena, proposals for boosting and developing science and technology and services parks aimed at expanding and upgrading small and medium-sized interpreneurship in the field of software technologies. The process of this study includes reviewing the resources as well as qualitative non-constructive interviews to collect information and also to wrap up the research method of fuzzy decision-making. The results of the present study suggests that basic services, such as low-interest loans, endangers promoting and developing companies, transfer of experience required for companies, including a market analysis and demographic characteristics of their needs for development and success of these companies Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Identify and ranking of efficient strategic success factors of small early return firms in Kaveh industrial town with B.S.C. approach by managers point of view
        hosein ghaffari ebrahimali razini
        The main purpose in this research is to identify the efficient strategic factors in success of small and early return firms from manager’s point of view, with the Balance Score Cards method approach. This is an applied, descriptive and survey research. The data are coll Full Text
        The main purpose in this research is to identify the efficient strategic factors in success of small and early return firms from manager’s point of view, with the Balance Score Cards method approach. This is an applied, descriptive and survey research. The data are collected within 2015 November and December (Aban and Azar of 1394). Statistical society contains 70 firms that are selected in simple accidental method and totally 60 firms are studied. The data of this research are gathered by the certain questionnaire containing 35 questions. SPSS version 20 is used to analysis the data. In descriptive statistics, the education of managers is analyzed. Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test is used in inferential analysis to test the questions and normality of data. According to the results of Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test, the binomial test is used to answer the questions about the components (of B.S.C) and one-sample t-test is used to investigate the dimensions of it. Also and Friedman is used to rank the strategic factors. Finally the results of this research show that, the small quick-impact firms in terms of balancing different aspects, are in good situation and in this respect the opinion of managers, show the homogenous attention to the four main aspects in this method. However there are some strategic effective factors which may not be seen or be neglected by the managers Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Pathology of Creative Industries Based On User Innovation Approach
        elnaz siavashi najme jooriyan behnaz siavashi
        In the last few years, creative industries are known as a productive system and their policies are taken into attention. The value of creative industries’ economic is higher than producing cultural merchandises, and it could be developed as a facilitation and an active Full Text
        In the last few years, creative industries are known as a productive system and their policies are taken into attention. The value of creative industries’ economic is higher than producing cultural merchandises, and it could be developed as a facilitation and an active role for changeable process in entire the economic. Based on researchers’ approach, innovation and creativity are the essential infrastructure for implementing the defended economic and for activating the industrial companies. The users are the main resource of creative ideas of new services and new productions. The main important change in innovation process is created by users since the revolution industry, and it is also turned to be a very powerful approach. It is clear that, when the user starts to be an innovative one, he/she can develop what he/she exactly wants. This research with considering the new approach to creative industries tries with introducing the creative industries and innovative users, recognize the upcoming challenges of these industries. Furthermore, by considering the strategies of user innovation categorize, the challenges and offer the solutions to the challenges. This study uses the descriptive- analysis methodology to reach to the mentioned goals. As a result, it should be described that users’ collaboration on creative industries has upward trend. Also the way that users selected the innovative policies has impact on the organizations strategies and their upcoming challenges. In this situation, it would be great if policy makers have special attention to the situation of creative industries in Iran with considering their challenges. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Analysis of the factors affecting R & D management and rank the factors with ANP techniques in the automotive industry (Case Study: Pars Khodro Company)
        Abass Khamse shohreh ghanbariha fereydon ohadi
        This study developed in 8 of the R & D management model to analyze the factors affecting the Pars Khodro Company will pay R & D management. And determines the performance of the company. . -Pymayshy Descriptive research and data gathering instrument was a questionnaire Full Text
        This study developed in 8 of the R & D management model to analyze the factors affecting the Pars Khodro Company will pay R & D management. And determines the performance of the company. . -Pymayshy Descriptive research and data gathering instrument was a questionnaire which its validity with the judgment of experts and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha and SPSS software. Due to the limited population of the study, the total number method is used to rank the factors affecting the management of research and development in Pars Khodro Company of paired comparisons with ANP techniques using software is used SUPER DECISIONS. The results obtained from the software indicates that financial factors were ranked first and managerial factors responsible for learning and innovation, technological platforms, operating commercial, technical factors, the operating system have won the next rank. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Identifying and Ranking Key Factors of Success in Knowledge Management in Knowledge-Based Companies (Case Study: Science and Technology Park in Tehran University)
        naser safaei fereshte thaleghani Ahmad Kiamanesh
        Today, knowledge- based companies as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries is responsible for explaining and modeling research and development processes and significantly contributes to diffusion innovation in industry. In fact, knowledge-based companie Full Text
        Today, knowledge- based companies as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries is responsible for explaining and modeling research and development processes and significantly contributes to diffusion innovation in industry. In fact, knowledge-based companies are considered important components of resistance economy and its realization. Its growth and development could bring in to resistance against economical invasions. Hence, identifying and ranking factors effecting implementation of knowledge management in such companies is research necessity which is discussed the current research. Now, there are 33 science and technology parks and over 2700 knowledge-based company in parks. Questionnaires are distributed among 70 knowledge-based companies in science and technology Park of Tehran University as the second superior park in country. In the current research, case study and field-data collection are used. Questionnaire is designed using Likert technique and it consists in 3 major factors, organization, human resource, and information technology, and 11 following criteria: objectives and perspectives, leadership, executives, application, software, infrastructure, organizational culture, financial and non-financial incentives, modeling and evaluating. Analyzing information, Cronbach's alpha 0.78 was obtained and using Freidman test and T-test. Among factors effecting successful implementation knowledge management, one can refer to objects and organizational respective as the most important factor and financial incentives as the lowest important factor. This conclusion is reasonable according to nature of knowledge –based companies. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Determining the Process of Technological Innovation: from Generation to Commercialization and Diffusion of the Idea
        Yaser Ghasemi nejad
        Not only innovation being the foundation and basis for technology, but also is considering as a driver of technological changes in organization. That means the transition and evolution of technology depends to the creativity and innovation. Thus industrial organizations Full Text
        Not only innovation being the foundation and basis for technology, but also is considering as a driver of technological changes in organization. That means the transition and evolution of technology depends to the creativity and innovation. Thus industrial organizations by the process of new and innovative products and services make changes in technology frontiers. Considering researches have been done in a context of innovation, we can see that lots of researchers referred to the importance of innovation process to intensify competitiveness and productivity. But, in related to determining the critical phases in process of technological innovation, a comprehensive research has not been observed. In this research with using Content Analysis Method, a new category of critical dimensions, components, and indicators in technological innovation process of organization, has been represented by surveying the past studies in relation with innovation process. With revision and surveying the theories of different researchers in relation with the subject of technological innovation process, research's result subdivided in three dimensions accompanied with its components and indicators namely “Idea Generation”, “Idea Implementation”, and “Commercialization and Diffusion”. Based on this research organizations should more focus on idea evaluation and implementation dimension. Finally indicators like “growing process of idea concepts in a practical and usable way”, “identification of problems and needs of the organization”, “employee’s freedom in doing work process”, and also “using marketing knowledge, and selling and diffusion skills” have been the most important indicators affecting in Implementation of technological innovation process Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Investigation the Role of Market-Based Variables in Knowledge-Based Products Exporters Performance Improvement
        Shayan Jalalat Mahmoud Moradi Mohsen Akbari
        During recent decades, developed and developing countries’ economy have changed incrementally. In these years, physical resources and assets have lost their strategic significance and importance of knowledge both in production and services has grown significantly. Knowl Full Text
        During recent decades, developed and developing countries’ economy have changed incrementally. In these years, physical resources and assets have lost their strategic significance and importance of knowledge both in production and services has grown significantly. Knowledge is now recognized as the driver of productivity and economic growth, leading to a new focus on the role of information, technology and learning in economic performance. Due to these fundamental changes, establishment of knowledge intensive SMEs and production of Knowledge-based and high tech products has grown considerably. Operating in international markets is one of the most important aspects of knowledge-based products developers. Knowledge-based products export as an effective factor in economic development has been considered by developed countries for many years. Although, utilization of such an economic approach has not long history in Iran and investigation of related information indicates inconsistent results in this field. This paper reviews related literature to shed more lights on knowledge-based export performance and related challenges for Iranian practitioners and then introduces several solutions focusing on the factors affecting exporters’ performance through knowledge-based products in export markets, finally presenting some suggestions both on researches and/or executions. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Identifying Risks of Oil Industry Projects Based on PMBOK’s Standard, and Ranking Them by Using FAHP & Fuzzy TOPSIS Case study: Tehran Jonoob Technical and Construction Company, in the Site of Persian Gulf Star Oil Company
        ebrahim jamali mahnaz barkhordai ahmadi
        According that the risks in the project could have a significant effect on the short-term performance and long-term negative impact on financial performance, therefore, risk management is necessary to reduce failures due to various risks such as uncertain economic cycle Full Text
        According that the risks in the project could have a significant effect on the short-term performance and long-term negative impact on financial performance, therefore, risk management is necessary to reduce failures due to various risks such as uncertain economic cycles, uncertain customer demand and unpredictable natural disasters and humanitarian. Previous studies have shown that having a comprehensive list of risks in oil and gas projects and also prioritizing and determine risks significance is important. In this study we identified TJ (Tehran Jonoob Co.) risks using PMBOK’s methods of risk identification and categorizing, Then specified the weight of the criteria’s (cost, time, quality, scope) using fuzzy hierarchical analysis (Fuzzy AHP) and Finally we discussed on prioritizing risks totally and in groups using TOPSIS method. Manuscript Document