• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Designing Model For Prioritize And Selection Projects Portfolio in a Joint Stock Company Based on Analytic Network Process (ANP)
        کبری يزدانی Hossein Ali  Hassan pour
        Established large companies always need a lot of costs that are not met, therefore, the creation of joint stock companies is an effective method for doing business. In addition, changes in the business environment makes companies to move forward and requires that they b More
        Established large companies always need a lot of costs that are not met, therefore, the creation of joint stock companies is an effective method for doing business. In addition, changes in the business environment makes companies to move forward and requires that they become associated with these changes. This requires an effective strategy and considering the fact that many of the strategies are not entered into the implementation phase, portfolio management as a new model of management to implement strategies to help companies comes to mind. In this paper, using literature review and study framework and using interviews and questionnaires, the model is designed for a Joint Stock Company. This includes : strategic plan portfolio, defined portfolio, strategic change management, network structure portfolio, prioritize and select projects based on ANP, measuring earned value project portfolio, collection and delivery information stakeholders confirmed the basket by stakeholders, ratification and implementation of the project portfolio, portfolio monitoring and feedback ". The validity and reliability of the proposed model by collecting 14 questionnaires and Cronbach's alpha coefficient formula and the carcass is proved. In this paper, a field study is conducted in a Joint Stock Company. The criteria necessary for prioritizing and selecting projects that include criteria of economic profit and human resources as well as criteria related to social aspects were extracted and using network analysis process, the selected projects were prioritized based on criteria. The reliability and validity research using Cronbach's alpha formula and carcass were examined. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Effective Factors for Iran's Proper Entry into the World Trade Organization
        Hamid Hanifi
        Joining to the World Trade Organization is one of the dimensions of globalization and will improve free trade. In order to prevent the abuse of this free trade, additional laws and agreements should be attached to the WTO rules. One of them is the TRIPS Agreement that i More
        Joining to the World Trade Organization is one of the dimensions of globalization and will improve free trade. In order to prevent the abuse of this free trade, additional laws and agreements should be attached to the WTO rules. One of them is the TRIPS Agreement that is about the Intellectual Property Rights. Intellectual property rights consist of rights derived from intellectual creativity in the fields of science, industry, literature, art that arise from the knowledge and art or creativity of the creator. But, the laws of the WTO and intellectual property rights, despite their advantages, also have deficiencies. Considering that Iran is a member of the World Trade Organization's viewer, and in the near future or later will become as a final and definite member, therefore, during this time, it is necessary to provide the preliminaries of attendance. Thus, in this paper, some factors have been extracted that are effective in preparing for Iran's presence in the World Trade Organization. To do this, first, articles about the Intellectual Property Rights and also World Trade Organization were extracted and then, related articles were separated and analyzed with these two titles. In the next stage, considering the analysis of the selected articles reviewed, and having a relationship between some variables together, and their combination with expert's opinions, some important factors of these two items were categorized. Finally, Whereas these factors were considered as effective factors in the World Trade Organization and Intellectual Property Rights, some suggestions were made about them that strengthened these factors, which ultimately leads to readiness before entering the World Trade Organization. These factors were classified into two groups: 1) The factor of intellectual property rights whose sub-factors are: a) Motivational Factors, b) Connections Factors, c) Intellectual Property Rights Factors, d) Technology Transfer Factors, e) Market Factors, f) Public Interest Factors, g) Factors related to the Human Rights interactions with the Intellectual Property Rights. 2) The World Trade Organization whose sub-factors are: a) Infrastructural Factors, b) Regulatory Factors, c) Factors related to the Internal Challenges, d) Imitative Factors, e) Incentive Factors, f) Pre-reform Factors, g) Legal Factors. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Skills and Radical and Aynkrvmntal Innovations in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)
        Abdolali Zolanvari jafar nezamdost mahtab eshghiaraghi
        Entrepreneurs have a key role in economic development of many governments throughout the developed and developing countries. The entrepreneurs ‘attendance as a new approach to achieve innovation and use opportunity in order to obtain benefits, growth and organization su More
        Entrepreneurs have a key role in economic development of many governments throughout the developed and developing countries. The entrepreneurs ‘attendance as a new approach to achieve innovation and use opportunity in order to obtain benefits, growth and organization survival within organizations are particularly important. According to market needs, Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) has converted the efforts to products and services through entrepreneurs ‘help and new ideas. This study is aimed to determine the relationship between entrepreneurial skills and Radical and Aynkrvmntal innovation in SMEs. The method used in this research is descriptive and correlational. The population consisted of 3785 SMEs in Markazi Province was selected. The data was collected through Pachn Martin ‘creation and job innovation questionnaire with Cronbach's alpha coefficient 0/881 and Marguerite Hill ‘s organizational entrepreneurship questionnaire 0/871. Based on obtained results, the relationship between entrepreneurship skills and Radical and Aynkrvmntal innovation was observed in the studied sample (P_ Value= 0/022). And in order to rank the different components of entrepreneurial skills, Friedman and Spearman correlation test were used. The results show that the rating process and management skills are higher than personal, entrepreneurship, technical skills and rank of technical and communication skills are higher than personal skills of entrepreneurship. Skills (technical, managerial, processes, communication, personal entrepreneurship, the external environment and internal environment) influence Radical and Aynkrvmntal innovation. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Organizational Awareness and Effectiveness Index in Knowledge Driven Organizations
        Gholamreza Malekzadeh Mohhamad Amin Malekzadeh
        Nowadays Knowledge-based and Knowledge-driven enterprises are assumed important organizations for moving toward knowledge-based economy. But knowledge-driven organizations are facing multiple crises in job/work design, reengineering process, organizing activities to inc More
        Nowadays Knowledge-based and Knowledge-driven enterprises are assumed important organizations for moving toward knowledge-based economy. But knowledge-driven organizations are facing multiple crises in job/work design, reengineering process, organizing activities to increase efficiency. The one that stands out and greatly affects the organization is the maximum amount of work that an organization is capable to complete in a given period. Managers want to know how they can improve productivity in an organization. To do this without the slightest fault, organizations must have mechanisms to help increase their level of awareness. One of those mechanisms involves finding indicators to assess the organizational effectiveness in a strategic way. One of these indicators is organizational awareness that can help to increase revenue and profitability by establishing competitive advantage. Organizational Awareness includes the ability to identify who the real decision‐makers are and the individuals who can influence them, and to predict how new events will affect individuals and groups within the organization. This paper aims to introduce a method to assess effectiveness and organizational efficiency as a tool for achieving organizational awareness. The most important methods to evaluate effectiveness is called Global Organizational Effectiveness Index Subsystem (GOEIS). GOEIS can be used to compare execution to planning, in some defined areas, to verify if the proposed objectives of the organization are being met or not. This effectiveness index is suitable to improve management and performance while increasing effectiveness and organizational awareness. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - An Empirical Investigation of Green Intellectual Capital on Green Technological Innovation in Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industry: Evidence from Khuzestan Province
        maryam darvishi alireza ziaei
        In today’s competitive market environment and the global economic system, innovation is the key to success and survival of organizations. In such circumstance, businesses have found that obtaining sustainable competitive advantage is linked to their intellectual capital More
        In today’s competitive market environment and the global economic system, innovation is the key to success and survival of organizations. In such circumstance, businesses have found that obtaining sustainable competitive advantage is linked to their intellectual capital and the way they manage this valuable asset. In addition, with regard to the rising concern about environment from consumers, governments and different societies all over the world, manufacturers invest in developing programs associated with developing green product, green brand, green technology and green innovation. Review of existing literature revealed that, with some exceptions, the phenomenon of green technological innovation and it’s relation to green intellectual capital have been neglected by organizational scholars. Accordingly, this study investigates the abovementioned relationship. The data in this paper were gathered from a sample of companies operating in oil, gas and petrochemical industry, in Khuzestan. A partial least square (PLS) based structural equation model approach were applied to assess the study conceptual model and hypotheses. The results suggest that all three dimensions of green intellectual capital in terms of structural capital, human capital and relational capital are positively related to green technological innovation. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Identify the Technological Risks of the New Product Development Process and Prioritize by the Analytical Network Process (ANP)
        Abolfazl mirzaramazani Sayed Mahdi Golestan Hashemi Seyed Mohammad Massoud naserian
        Nowadays, Organizational survival depends on the tendency toward new products and the use of new ways to create them. Developing new product is a process through which a new product or a service is offered to the customers. More precisely, the new product development pr More
        Nowadays, Organizational survival depends on the tendency toward new products and the use of new ways to create them. Developing new product is a process through which a new product or a service is offered to the customers. More precisely, the new product development process involves using resources and capabilities to create a new product or improve an existing product. Given the shorter life cycle of products and technology developments, new product development process in the growth, survival, and competitiveness of the utmost importance. There are several risks during new product development process; that in general, are divided into three major categories: technological risks, organizational risks, and marketing risks. According to studies, the technological risks are one of the most important risks. Perceived technological risk refers to a firm’s inability to completely understand or accurately predict some aspects of the technological environment as it relates to NPD projects. Hence identifying and reducing these risks helps to increase the success rate of the new product development process. In this research, by reviewing the literature on the areas of the new product development process, risk and risk management, 20 types of common technological risks in new product development process are extracted from the literature and using a number of experts from Malek Ashtar University of Isfahan who are specialized in this field, they are prioritized by the Analytical Network Process (ANP). Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Providing a Conceptual Framework for Product Co-Development in Knowledge Based Organizations Based on Open Innovation and Environmental Dynamics
        Neda Jafari Pastaki Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary Mohsen Akbari
        Today, knowledge based organization are identified as economic development tools and given that, in current market, firms face turbulent operational environment, this will force firm to think about new product development. Knowledge based organization required to receiv More
        Today, knowledge based organization are identified as economic development tools and given that, in current market, firms face turbulent operational environment, this will force firm to think about new product development. Knowledge based organization required to receive new idea and knowledge to produce product and service according to market, because their nature based of innovation and knowledge. So this firms rely to open innovation and building collaboration network with external partners in order to access new knowledge and technologies. One possible way to obtaining new knowledge in R&D activities, is open relationship and establish collaboration. Collaboration help to access external complementary resource, reduce innovation costs and risk, adapt to dynamic environment and generate higher revenues. One of factor that can be effective in co-development to obtain complementary idea and knowledge, is open innovation in the organization, which, by creating external technology acquisition and exploitation capabilities, help to developing and innovation products. Open innovation and co-development are two important concepts in management and knowledge based organizations literature and environmental dynamism can be perform important role in relationship between them. Thus, knowledge based organization that rely on knowledge, innovation and commercialization them, respect to open innovation and moderating environmental dynamism, can be consider to co-development. So, this paper based on previous studies and focusing on knowledge-intensive organization, to analysis of relationship open innovation on co-development with moderating role of environmental dynamism has been performed. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Identification and Evaluation of Effective Factors of Technology Transfer Using Fuzzy AHP Method (case study: Esfahan’s Mobarakeh Steel Company)
        mohammad bagheri pebdeni sayyed mohammad reza davoodi
        In developed countries, technology transfer may be one of the solutions for the improvement or growth of economic or industrial sectors. However, the success of technology transfer significantly depends on the appropriate choice of technology from the appropriate resour More
        In developed countries, technology transfer may be one of the solutions for the improvement or growth of economic or industrial sectors. However, the success of technology transfer significantly depends on the appropriate choice of technology from the appropriate resources.The aim of this study is to identify and evaluate the effective factors of technology transfer using fuzzy AHP method. Technology transfer can be helpful for this organization in market share and increasing return through innovation of products and better execution of processes, methods of increasing productivity and effectiveness, and this is beneficial to small and normal company’s with limited resources and sizes. In this paper, after reviewing the literature and using expert’s opinion, 24 effective factors is identified which are in 5 categories which includes is: relatively advantageous in financial conditions, advantage marketing and related forces, technical characteristics, juridical and supervision considerations and issues of directorial and guideline. Furthermore, fuzzy AHP method is used to rank the dimensions and structures of these effective factors. Due to the results, the most important criterion in the field of technology transfer of Esfahan’s mobarakeh steel company (MSC) and international organizations of subclasses of the main indicator is juridical and supervision considerations,of foreign investment and based on this the technical use and financing from international organizations and cooperative organizations that have laws about cooperation for improving the environment have an important role in technology transfer. Manuscript profile