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آخرین شماره

No 51
Vol. 51 No. 13
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آخرین مقالات منتشر شده

Nowadays, entrepreneurship and the related issues are received special importance in higher education. It is expected that after few years of study at university, the graduates have significant difference with people with no academic learning experience. Since it is essential to develop entrepreneurial competencies for leading people toward entrepreneurship, it is necessary to recognize and assess entrepreneurial competencies of entrepreneurial universities’ graduates. Accordingly, the aim of this review and documentary study is to design a conceptual model of entrepreneurial competencies of entrepreneurial universities’ graduates. Entrepreneurial competencies can be studied on the basis of the following cases: components of entrepreneurial competencies, antecedents of entrepreneurial competencies, and outcome of entrepreneurial competencies. According to the results, entrepreneurial competencies are classified in six clusters including: personal and cognitive competence, communication competency, leadership and teamwork competencies, business creation and management competence, economic and marketing competence, and research competence. The mission of university as antecedents to competencies was categorized in three groups including: education, research, and support. Entrepreneurial intention was considered as outcome of entrepreneurial competencies. Finally and with regard to the aforementioned components, a conceptual model of entrepreneurial competencies of graduates, with antecedents and outcome was presented.
Mahtab Pouratashi - Morteza Parhizkar
کلمات کلیدی : : entrepreneurial competency, ، graduate, ، entrepreneurial universities, ، education, ، conceptual model
Tehran with accepting a lot of scientists and researchers plays a significant role in the development of science and technology in the country. Obviously, this number of scientific capacity needs for facilities and infrastructure to develop their business. One of the most important factors in the growth of knowledge-based businesses is firm’s proportionate physical context. The proximity of knowledge-based companies to the universities and higher education institutes and industries is a cause of the acceleration of the transforming knowledge into industry process. Tehran Province requires more technology parks and towns to retain the benefit of all its scientific capacity. In this research at first, we recognized effective factors in locating KBT, then used AHP to give weight to criteria and sub-criteria. In the next step, we applied these weights in GIS software and provided maps related to each, in the ARCmap. With using GIS and overlapping the effective factors in locating town of knowledge, identified zoned map of the areas with two priorities in the province that the first priority was better. After preparing the final map, through the study on areas with priority, screened and have shown places that the standards are higher for locating KBT in the map. In selected locations for KBT we have paid special attention to factors such as proximity to universities and training centers, proximity to industrial areas, infrastructure and Tehran province’s development plans.
Mehdi Gharakhloo - Maryam Mousavi
کلمات کلیدی : Site Selection ، GIS ، Technology Park ، Tehran
In the present decade, knowledge based economy becomes a common and attractive word in scientific society of the country. It has attracted the attention of many scholars and experts. Knowledge based economy World index has four basic and innovation is one of the foundation. In the area of innovation, Iran has fewer points than the global average. In this article, in order to promote innovation and consequently, the level of knowledge-based economy, we use global statistics in the field of innovation and knowledge-based economy and by Pearson's correlation analysis, first of all, we recognize the important input factors that influencing the innovation and then we compare the status of these inputs with the global average. After identifying the weaknesses in input measures, we examine the situation of this measures study in the sixth program of economic development. Difference and innovation of this paper is that we try in this research to recognize the important and effective roots in innovation global index and in the initial entries input level of knowledge-based economy compared to be made. Compared with the global average showed that measures to improve innovation outcomes, we need to promote measures of research and development, knowledge workers, ICT, political environment and ecological sustainability.
reza salami - hossien mirzaee - atiyeh safardoust
کلمات کلیدی : knowledge-based economy ، knowledge-based global index ، Global Innovation Index ، sixth program of economic development
The main purpose in this research is to identify the efficient strategic factors in success of small and early return firms from manager’s point of view, with the Balance Score Cards method approach. This is an applied, descriptive and survey research. The data are collected within 2015 November and December (Aban and Azar of 1394). Statistical society contains 70 firms that are selected in simple accidental method and totally 60 firms are studied. The data of this research are gathered by the certain questionnaire containing 35 questions. SPSS version 20 is used to analysis the data. In descriptive statistics, the education of managers is analyzed. Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test is used in inferential analysis to test the questions and normality of data. According to the results of Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test, the binomial test is used to answer the questions about the components (of B.S.C) and one-sample t-test is used to investigate the dimensions of it. Also and Friedman is used to rank the strategic factors. Finally the results of this research show that, the small quick-impact firms in terms of balancing different aspects, are in good situation and in this respect the opinion of managers, show the homogenous attention to the four main aspects in this method. However there are some strategic effective factors which may not be seen or be neglected by the managers
hosein ghaffari - ebrahimali razini
کلمات کلیدی : small and quick-impact firms, strategic factors, strategic management, balance score card, kaveh and zarandieh industrial town
Not only innovation being the foundation and basis for technology, but also is considering as a driver of technological changes in organization. That means the transition and evolution of technology depends to the creativity and innovation. Thus industrial organizations by the process of new and innovative products and services make changes in technology frontiers. Considering researches have been done in a context of innovation, we can see that lots of researchers referred to the importance of innovation process to intensify competitiveness and productivity. But, in related to determining the critical phases in process of technological innovation, a comprehensive research has not been observed. In this research with using Content Analysis Method, a new category of critical dimensions, components, and indicators in technological innovation process of organization, has been represented by surveying the past studies in relation with innovation process. With revision and surveying the theories of different researchers in relation with the subject of technological innovation process, research's result subdivided in three dimensions accompanied with its components and indicators namely “Idea Generation”, “Idea Implementation”, and “Commercialization and Diffusion”. Based on this research organizations should more focus on idea evaluation and implementation dimension. Finally indicators like “growing process of idea concepts in a practical and usable way”, “identification of problems and needs of the organization”, “employee’s freedom in doing work process”, and also “using marketing knowledge, and selling and diffusion skills” have been the most important indicators affecting in Implementation of technological innovation process
Yaser Ghasemi nejad
کلمات کلیدی : Innovation Process ، Idea Generation ، Idea Implementation ، Idea Commercialization ، Innovation Diffusion

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