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No 56
Vol. 56 No. 14
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Nowadays, The use of supply chain issues and its management a key role in Industrial and service organizations. But an organization, When power will be competitive that by having from Component Enabler and competitiveness, Agility and valuable features. According to the agility criteria and improve Organizational relationships based on the value system of the organization required any service organization and the necessity of this research. If Agile processes of an organization on the move policy value, customer satisfaction output will be expected of an organization. A multi-criteria decision-making are used for determining the priority and importance of criteria from the view of researchers. In this article to ranking General Commodities Suppliers Based on agility and core values of a multi-criteria decision-making models are used, but an important problem before the ranking Commodities Suppliers in organizations, Identify and determine the agility and value criteria in the organization and its supply chain. In this field, after reviewing the literature, criteria’s "sensitivity and responsiveness to market, keeping and treasury, saving, serving, accuracy, care and self-control and justice" were identified. Result analysis shows, saving and care and self-control are the most effective in selecting General Commodities Suppliers. After that Criteria’s "servant, justice, accuracy, sensitivity and responsiveness to market and keeping and treasury” were next in ranks, Then by doing field research, the appropriate weights General Commodities Suppliers elicitation and Based on that, the Superior supplier was chosen. To prove the validity and reliability of the research from lashe and Cronbach's alpha formula is used.
morteza jabale - Hossein Ali Hassan pour - Masoud Mosaddegh khah
Keywords : Industrial and service organizations ، agility indexes ، organizational core values ، weights General Commodities Suppliers ، multi-criteria decision making
It is more than one decade that Iran is trying to get away from Oil economy and approaching to the knowledge-based economy. Government mechanism of Iran for developing the Knowledge-based economy is to activate the technology and science parks. This means that government tries to close the university to industry by setting up the technology and science parks. It tries to promote the new technologies in based on scientific development society by supporting of start-up technological institutes. Now, we are in a time that many of the start-up companies can grow and produce the Advanced Services and productions But they have faced with a strategic challenge. This challenge is their problem about selling the products and Knowledge-based services. Indeed, the products and Knowledge-based services are faced with the problem of entry into the business. This research, tries to study the four factors that have the most influence in the failure of companies in sailing, exchanging, and Commercialization of their technologies. We discuss about these challenges and test them in a fieldwork. The results of our research show the reasons of their failure in business are the lack of government interference in facilitating the process of technology exchange, the lack of brand, distrust of industry and State organs and business to Knowledge-based products. Statistical Society is the active technology and science parks in Iran. This model was tested by the trivial squares minimum technique and Smart Plus software.
Donya Gholami - Ali Ramezani
Keywords : Knowledge-based economy,, ، technology and science parks ، start- up companies ، small and medium enterprises ، Commercialization
The empowerment of each country in the fields of science and technology requires attention to indigenous knowledge and, of course, the use of the experiences of developed countries in these areas. Therefore, production and technology transfer should be considered together in order to prevent the waste of time and energy, also provide scientific grounds for localization. This is important when the intellectual property of technology transfer, as a supportive power of the technology owner, is also taken into consideration. Because of its importance, in this paper, by presenting a model, we draw a proper path in the production of domestic technology along with the transfer of technology that has been consulted by the elite. The resulting model explains the process of manufacturing and transferring technology from the legislative stage to the product delivery of the technology. In this model four phases of infrastructure, creation, supportive and final are considered. In the infrastructure phase, the legal dimensions of intellectual property laws as well as methods for creating the right conditions for the transfer and production of technology in the Government, Parliament and the Guardian Council are examined. In the phase of creation, the responsibilities assigned to the relevant ministries, as well as the improvement of the power of science and technology parks along with the appropriate direction for them. The supportive phase is a guarantee of the implementation of the law and, in addition, it has a supportive role in creating a suitable platform for technology vendors. Finally, the process of fusing and commercializing technology in the final phase is examined.
Mehdi Meregan - Jahanshah Charkhtab-moghadam
Keywords : Intellectual Property ، Technology Transfer ، Manufacturing technology ، Transfer model ، Delphi method
In recent years crowdfunding is created as a web 2.0 and social network -based in financing for business startups and creative projects. This method has grown in many aspects, such as the number of platforms, the number of campaigns and their success rate, the volume of funding and the number of models offered. This growth has led researchers to investigate this phenomenon of the different dimensions and aspects. So this article is followed by a comprehensive review of the literature associated with this method. In this study, we have done a systematic review of 60 published articles until 2017 about the concept of crowdfunding. Then we summarize research findings and determine research orientation pattern by identifying the focus of great attention. Also the existing research gaps and suggestions for future research in the field of crowdfunding identified and explained. The results of the survey showed that the number of studies carried out on this new method is not very high but is increasing. Most research has so far explored a dimension or actor of crowdfunding, both empirically and exploratively, without a theoretical framework, as well as a case study. It is necessary for the researchers to study this method (phenomenon) with a comprehensive and holism approach, using a review of the views of its various actors, stackholders and costumers and extracting the factors influencing the success and failure of this method.
Ali HajiGholam Saryazdi - Ali Rajabzadeh Ghatari - Alinaghi Mashayekhi - Alireza hassanzadeh
Keywords : Crowdfunding ، systematic literature review ، web 20 ، Social networks ، Business Startups
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of university education on the development of women entrepreneurship skills. This research is based on the nature and method of data analysis, a descriptive-survey study and in terms of the purpose of the application. The statistical population of the research is female graduate students at the Islamic Azad University of Tabriz. Data gathering method in this research, In addition to library studies, a researcher-made questionnaire was developed in the 5-option Likert scale that validity and reliability were confirmed. The results of the questionnaire were obtained using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.887 and Data were analyzed using SPSS and Lizrel software. The results of the research indicate that university education has a significant effect on the development of entrepreneurship skills (personal skills, management skills and technical skills). Also, based on the results of factor load and confirmatory factor analysis, among the variables related to personal entrepreneurship skills, the highest load factor was related to inspirational skills, resilience and perseverance and the lowest factor related to innovation skill. On the other hand, among the variables related to entrepreneurial management skills, the greatest factor is the creation and maintenance of human relationships and the least factor load factor related to negotiation skills and among variables related to entrepreneurial technical skills, the most important factor is the supervisory skill and the assessment of the environment and the lowest factor was the coaching skill..
Monireh Dizaji - Maryam zeini
Keywords : Education ، Entrepreneurship Education ، Entrepreneurship Skills ، personal skills ، Academic Women

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